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Chapter 15

Civil War and Reconstruction

The first battle of the Civil War, proving that the South will take up arms against the government of the United States. Fort Sumter
Abraham Lincoln's main goal and purpose for declaring war against the seceded states. Preserving the union
Strategy used by the Union, allows complete destruction of all resources in southern states including livestock, crops, homes, ect. in attempt to stop any fighting back Total War Strategy
Large number of causalities for both sides; seen as a victory for the Union; encourages Lincoln to announce the Emancipation Proclamation Battle of Antietam
General Grant surrounds the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, the north would control southern supply routes Battle of Vicksburg
Union strategy to blockade Southern ports, advanced down the Mississippi River, and cut the South in two to limit supplies reaching southern troops. Anaconda Plan
Turning point for the Union by halting Confederate invasion; Lincoln used dedication ceremony for the cemetery (Gettysburg Address) to honor fallen soldiers and restate the goal of war to end slavery. Battle of Gettysburg
Lincoln uses his authority as Commander-in-Chief of the military to declare all slaves in rebel states as free; does not free slaves in northern states, but encourages more African-Americans to enlist in the Union army. Emancipation Proclamation
Confederate General of Virginia represent skilled military leadership during the Civil War General Lee
Union General represent skilled military leadership during the Civil War General Grant
Speech given after re-election, suggesting a peaceful and forgiving path to reconstruction (rejoining the southern states into the Union) after the war's end. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
Killed by a southern sympathizer, plans for reconstruction changed; Lincoln had proposed a plan for peaceful reconciliation for southern states. Lincoln's Assassination
War ends with Lee's surrender to Grant, where Grant offers generous terms, allowing Confederate officers to return home without punishment for treason. Appomattox Courthouse
The plans for a period of readmitting southern states and citizens to the Union; members of Congress argued whether to be lenient or harsh in punishing the south for rebellion. Reconstruction
The document released by South Carolina declaring that they are breaking away from the Union is called Secession Ordinance
A slave state that did not secede Border State
Not favoring either side Neutral
Rule in which the military is in charge and citizens' rights are suspended martial law
A military action to prevent traffic from coming into an area or leaving it blockade
States that did not secede from the United States were called Union States
Southern states that seceded from the United States were called The Confederate States of America
President of the south... President Jefferson Davis
What two rivers were important to control during the Civil War? Ohio River and Mississippi River
Advantages: larger population, more farmland, more railroad tracks, and more factories Which side does this describe? The North
Advantages: more experienced military leaders and fighting on their land Which side does this describe? The South
What were the different parts of the Anaconda Plan? Block southern ports, gain control of the Mississippi River to split the south in two, and seize Richmond
What was the south's strategy to win the war? defend their land until the North is tired and get help from Britain (European countries)
How could the soldiers who fought in the Civil War be described? volunteers, young, and inexperienced
Were African Americans allowed to fight in the Civil War? YES- after Emancipation Proclamation, fought for Union
Were women allowed to fight in Civil War? NO- but many helped by being spies, nurses, taking care of businesses and farms back home, and work in factories Some disguised themselves as men to fight
Warships covered with protective iron plates Ironclades
13th Amendment Banned slavery throughout the nation
Constitutional protection against unlawful improsionment habeas corpus
Tax on the money people recieve income tax
general rise in prices inflation
Which region was hit the hardest by the cost of the war? The south- they couldn't afford it
Who led total war and the march to the sea? General Sherman
What were the 2 key results of the Civil War? Reunited the nation and put an end to slavery
14th Amendment All people born or naturalized (become a legal citizen) in the United States are citizens No states can pass laws to take away constitutional rights
15th Amendment Banned states from denying African American Males the right to vote "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
10% of the state's voters swear oath of loyalty to the United States then the state could organize a new state government, no slavery and then the state could sent Congress members to participate in federal government again Abraham Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan
President after Lincoln was assassinated President Andrew Johnson
Created by: amackey1688