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Chapter 5

Respiratory System

nose mucous membrane and hairs, acts as a filter to moisten and warm the entering air
nasal septum partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
paranasal sinuses air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasal cavities
pharnyx the throat, serves as a a food and air passageway
adenoids lymphoid tissue located on the posterior wall of the nasal cavity
tonsils lymphoid tissue located on the lateral wall at the junction of the oral cavity
larynx voice box, location of the vocal cords
epiglottis flap of cartilage that covers the opening of the larynx, keeps food out
trachea windpipe, passageway for air to the bronchi from the larynx
bronchus one of two branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs
bronchioles smallest subdivision of the bronchial tree
alveolus air sacs at the end of the bronchioles
lungs two spongelike organs in the thoracic cavity
pleura double-folded serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity
diaphragm muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
mediastinum space between the lungs. Heart, esophagus, trachea ect.
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus
bronchi/o, bronch/o bronchus
diaphragmat/o, phren/o diaphragm
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o, rhin/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
sept/o septum (wall off, fence)
sinus/o sinus
thorac/o thorax, chest, chest cavity
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea
atel/o imperfect, incomplete
capn/o carbon dioxide
hem/o, hemat/o blood
muc/o mucus
orth/o straight
ox/i, ox/o oxygen
phon/o, phonia sound, voice
py/o pus
radi/o x-rays, ionizing radiation
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
spir/o breathe, breathing
tom/o to cut, section, or slice
a-, an- absense of ,without
endo- within
eu- normal, good
poly- many, much
trachy- fast, rapid
pan- all, total
-algia pain
-ar, -ary, -eal pertaining to
-cele hernia or protrusion
-centesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
-ectasis stretching out, dilatation, expansion
-emia in the blood
-gram record, radiographic image
-graph instrument used to record; record
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry measurement
-pexy surgical fixation, suspension
-pnea breathing
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
-stenosis constriction or narrowing
-stomy creation of an artificial opening
-thorax chest, chest cavity
-tomy cut into, incision
bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi
bronchopneumonia diseased state of the bronchi and lungs, inflammation of the lungs
laryngotracheobronchitis LTB acute form called the croup,
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pyothorax pus in the chest cavity
rhinorrhagia epistaxis, nosebleed
pneumocystitis carinii PCP type of pneuoma, seen in aids patients
pertussis whooping cough
tuberculosis TB infectious bacterial disease, spread by inhalation of small particles
upper respiratory infection URI cold, infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx
tracheostomy creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
tracheotomy incision into the trachea
oximeter instrument used to measure oxygen
spirometry a measurement of breathing
auscultation the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope
percussion tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density by the sound
aphonia condition of absence of the voice
apnea absence of breathing
hypoxemia deficient oxygen in the blood
orthopnea able to breathe easier in a straight position
nebulizer device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for respiratory treatment
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
CXR chest radiograph, chest x-ray
02 oxygen
SOB shortness of breath
URI upper respiratory infection
Created by: 1369322229760607