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Lesson 4 Gastro

Chapter 11- Gastroenterology (Digestive System)

hepato liver
cholecysto gallbladder
gastro stomach
duodenum small intestine - first part
jejunum small intestine - middle part
ileum small intestine - third part
entero intestine
emesis vomit
laparo abdomen
pepsia digestion
phagia eat or swallow
procto rectum and anus
colon intestine
diverticulum small abnormal pouch that forms off intestinal or colon wall
esophagus carries food from throat to stomach
pancreas produces digestive enzymes
polyp small tumors that grow in colon
ascites fluid in abdominal cavity
cirrhosis chronic liver disease
Crohn disease Chronic inflammatory bowel disease with ulcers
dysentery abnormal intestine
esophageal atresia lack of connection between esophagus and stomach (tresis = hole)
esophageal varices varicose veins in esophagus, may rupture
fecal occult blood test test for blood in feces
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease, acid backs up into esophagus
H. pylori (Helicobacter) bacteria causing gastric ulcers
hemorrhoids varicose veins in rectum
ileus obstruction of intestine
intussusception one section of intestine slips into another section
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
jaundice yellow colored skin and whites of eyes associated with liver disease
melena dark tarry stools due to presence of blood
O ova and parasites - lab test
PUD peptic ulcer disease - erosions in digestive tract
TPN total parenteral nutrition - nutrition given through bloodstream
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory bowel disease - ulcers in colon
volvulus length of bowel that becomes twisted around itself
Created by: kducey