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nervous system

med term

myelin/o myelin sheath
tom/o to cut
para abnormal
polio gray
tetra four
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebellitis inflammation of the cerebellum
cerebr/o brain
cerebral pertaining to the brain
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cerebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels
dur/o dura mater (membrane surrounding the brain)
epidural upon the dura mater
subdural under the dura mater
encephal/o brain
electroencephalogram record of the electrical activity of the brain
electroencephalograph instrument to record the electrical activity of the brain
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalomalacia softening of the brain
encephalopathy any disease of the brain
hydr/o water
hydrocephalus accumulation of fluid on the brain
mening/o meninges;membrane
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningoencephalitis inflammation of the meninges and the brain
myel/o spinal cord/bone marrow
neur/o nerve
myoneural pertaining to the muscle and the nerve(neuromuscular)
neuralgia nerve pain
neurology the study of the nervous system
neurologist specialist of diagnosis and treatment of the nervous system
neurolysis nerve destruction
lysis destruction;breakdown;separation
thalam/o thalamus
ventricul/o ventricles
cele hernia
esthesia sensation
anesthesia loss of sensation
hyperesthesia increased sensation
dyesthesia bad/irritating sensation
paresthesia abnormal sensation; numbness and tingling
oma tumor
meningioma benign tumor of the meninges
phasia speech
aphasia no speech
dysphasia difficult speech
plegia paralysis
diplegia paralysis of like extremities on both sides of the body
hemiplegia paralysis of either right or left side of the body
monoplegia paralysis of one extremity
paraplegia paralysis of lower body and legs
tetraplegia paralysis of all four limbs(quadriplegia)
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis- death of nerve cells results in muscular degeneration - Lou Gehrig's disease
CNS central nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
EEG electroencephalagraphy
LP lumbar puncture
MS multiple sclerosis
PD Parkinson's disease
nervous systems functions sensory, integrative and motor
2 parts of the nervous system Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
central nervous system consists of the spinal cord which is the body's information superhighway and the brain which is the information/processing center
peripheral nervous system made up of both sensory and motor neurons(nerves)
Created by: ntkksh