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med. term. unit 5

medical Terminology unit 5

Oncologist cancer specialist
Oncology Study of tumors
Malignant evil
Benign Good
Invasive Spread into surrounding organs
Metastasize travel to other areas of the body to form new tumors
Carcinoma common form of cancer, this type develops from epithelia
Epithelia sheets of cells that cover a surface
Sarcoma rarer form that arises from connective and supportive tissues
Biopsies tissue samples
Lymphatics drainage channels for cell fluids other than blood
Prognosis Predict the progress and outcome of the disease
Negative nodes not involved lymph nodes (better Prognosis)
Positive nodes has invaded lymphatics
Carcinogens cancer causing agents
Tumor Markers Substance that are produced by tumors or the body's response to presence of a tumor
Radiosensitive cancer degenerates in response to radiation
Radioresistant cancer slow to respond or may not respond at all
Fractionation Repeated low does that allow a higher total dose
Chemotherapeutic Agents Kill or stop development of rapidly dividing cells
Myelosuppression reduction of bone marrow blood cell replacement
Chemotherapy cause the cancer to "disappear" for awhile although not cured
In remission holding the cancer in check
Relapse many cancers recur
Angiogenesis inhibitor blood vessel growing
Adjuvant therapy Additional treatments after surgery
Cryosurgery destroying malignant tissue by freezing it with a cold probe
Fluguration Lighting in latin. malignant tissue destroyed with an electrocautery instrument
Excisional biopsy removal of tumor and a safe margin of normal tissue.
En bloc resection removal of tumor and large amount of surrounding tissue including positive lymph nodes.
dys abnormal, difficult, painful
dysarthria difficulty articulating speech
dysentery bad bowels in latin. watery. bloody diarrhea may be signs of a parasitic infection
dysgenesis defective development of an anatomic structure
dyslexia inability to read with understanding
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
dyspareunia badly mated in greek painful intercourse
dyspepsia fancy word for indigestion
dysuria painful urination
Created by: casperdoe