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Hinduism / Buddhism

Human Geo

TermDefinition
Aryans People that invaded India in 1700 B.C.
Vedas Holy writings
Caste System Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Sudras, Untouchables
Brahmins Highest level of the caste system (Priests & Scholars)
Untouchables Lowest level of the caste system, believed to be less than others, lived in terrible conditions
Brahman Supreme spirit that is in everything
Brahma Chief Hindu god known as the creator
Hindu gods Trimurti, Vishnu, Siva, Ganesha, Hanuman, Shakti, Lakshmi
Samsara Reincarnation
Reincarnation Belief that the soul goes to another person after death
Dharma The Hindu belief that life is full of duties
Karma The Hindu Belief that one's actions in their current life will determine what their next life will be like
Moksha The ultimate goal of Hinduism that means a person will reunite with the Supreme Spirit
Hinduism Mixture of other religions that believes in Karma, Moksha, Dharma and Reincarnation
Buddhism Does not believe in a supreme god or savior and has the ultimate goal of reaching Nirvana
Nirvana The period when a person is able to release themselves from selfishness and pain- ultimate goal of Buddhism
Siddhartha Buddha
Desire / Selfishness Buddhists believe this causes suffering
Dalai Lama Spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism
Siddhartha's Experiences His father kept him hidden in a palace, went out into the world when he was 29, joined the ascetics and denied himself comforts of life, sat under the Bodhi tree and reached enlightenment, came back to the palace and converted family members
Four Noble Truths Buddhist belief that suffering is everywhere, it is caused by greed and selfishness, need to overcome desire to break out of rebirth cycle, people can free themselves
Noble Eight Fold Path Buddhist beliefs that are important in living a good life
Five Moral Rules Buddhist belief to not steal, lie, drink alcohol, kill any living thing or engage in improper sexual activity
Created by: Ensmingern