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Hinduism & Buddhism

Human Geography

TermDefinition
Aryans light skinned people group who invaded Inida from the north
Vedras sacred texts of the Aryans
Sudras bottom of the caste system - slaves
Brahmins top of the caste system
Caste system class system into which a person is born and stays in for their entire life
Brahman supreme spirit but not a god
Vishnu Hindu god "The Preserver or Renewer" Siva
Siva Hindu god "The Destroyer"
Trimurti Brahma, Sina, and Vishnu
Karma what goes around comes around; fulfill Dharma to best of abilities= good karma
Samsara another word for reincarnation
Reincarnation belief that when a person dies he will be reborn into another creature
Moksha similar to enlightenment - not a place attained when the soul becomes completely pure and detached from everything on earth
The "Buddha" Sidhartha Gautama
Four Noble Truths *suffering is everywhere *suffering is cause by greed and selfishness *to escape suffering a person must renounce desire *eightfold path is how to renounce desire
Noble Eightfold Path "right" actions to achieve gaol to renounce desire
Dalai Lama leader-monk of the Tibetan Buddhists
Enlightenment clarification - gaining understanding of something - learning
Nirvana highest state of enlightenment in Buddhism
Order of Indian Caste system Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Sudras, Untouchables
Similarities between Hinduism, Buddhism Karma, reincarnation
Why was Hinduism more successful in India than Buddhism? Hinduism is polytheistic (more than one god); absorbed Buddhism
How is the Dalai Lam chosen? by supernatural mean or by things like watching a child's attraction to the Dalai Lama's possessions
How is Buddhism different from other major world religions? No God, no soul
Created by: JackieBrawner