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Chp 9 Med Terms

Respiratory System

The term for nosebleed Epistaxis
The term used to indicate a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood hypoxemia
Tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds percussion
Pleur/o is a combining form meaning pleura
The therapy providing exercise of the lungs to prevent respiratory complications after surgery incentive spirometry
The root in hypoxia means oxygen
The exchange of gases within the body is called respiration
The combining form that means breathing spir/o
The tin-walled microscopic air sacs that exchange gases alveoli
Inflammation of the sinuses sinusitis
Hyperventilation the term describing and excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs
The removal of a lobe of the lung lobectomy
Examination of the airways using a flexible endoscope is called bronchoscopy
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Prolonged inhalation of fine dusts results in a chronic restrictive pulomonary disease pneumoconiosis
Tracheostomy involves the surgical creation of an opening into the windpipe
Bronch/o combining form meaning airway
Another term for pharyngeal tonsil adenoid
Epyema describes the prescence of _____ in the pleural space. pus
What type of imaging technology is involved in lung scan? sonography
Described as hairlike Cilia
The combining form meaning carbon dioxide capn/o
Rhin/o is a combining form meaning nose
The inability to breathe is termed apnea
Creation of an opening in the the trachea is called tracheostomy
The membranes enclosing the lung and lining the thoracic cavity Pleura
Wheezes are also know as ronchi
Oropharynx refers to the ___________ and throat. mouth
The obstructive pulmonary disease caused by spasm of the bronchial tubes with attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough is asthma
A thin, watery discharge from the nose is termed rhinorrhea
Pulmonary angiography radiology of the blood vessels of the lungs after injection of a contrast material
Alveolar pertains to air sac
The ___________ prevents food from entering the airway epiglottis
The term describing shallow breathing is hyponea
Laryngotracheobronchitis is commonly called croup
How many lung lobes are there? five
The respiratory therapy technique that involves passage of a tube via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs is endotracheal intubation
Pharyng/o the combining form for the throat
The device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages during sleep to prevent airway closure is known as CPAP
Pleur/o the combining form meaning pleura
Thorac/o combining form meaning chest
A condition of enlargement of the right vestricle as a result of chronic disease within the lungs is called cor pulmonale
The doctor who specializes in the study and treatment of the lung is called a pulmonologist
The term describing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs as noted on x-ray film is pulmonary infiltrate
Which test procedure includes measurement of the partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood arterial blood gas assay
The ability to breathe only while upright is called orthopnea
The material expelled from the lungs by coughing is called sputum
Pneumothorax refers to air in the pleural space
The trachea splits into the right and left bronchi
COPD is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis
The small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate, named for its grapelike shape, is the uvula
Excision of the tonsils is called tonsillectomy
A drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing expectorant
Vital capacity the amount of air exhaled after maximal inspiration
the term describing blood in the pleural cavity hemothorax
Created by: mh