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Respiratory System

Medical terms Chapter 8

ABGs arterial blood gases
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
URI upper respiratory infection
SOB shortness of breath
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
O2 oxygen
TB tuberculosis
STAT immediately
SARS sudden acute respiratory syndrome
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) hypoxemia and respiratory failure due to severe inflammatory damage to the lungs, occurs after severe infection or trauma
Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) viral respiratory illness marked by head and body aches, fever and cough, may lead to pneumonia
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) group of diseases in which alveolar air sacs are destroyed and chronic, severe SOB, a major cause is smoking
asthma disease marked by narrowing and inflammation of the airways, resulting in wheezing and cough
epistaxis a nosebleed
croup an acute viral disease, usually in children, marking by a barking, "seal like" cough and respiratory distress
rhonchi a coarse, gurgle sound heard in the lungs with a stethoscope, caused by secretions in the air passages
cystic fibrosis fatal genetic disease that causes frequent respiratory infections, increases airway secretions, and COPD in children
stridor a high pitched upper airway sound heard without a stethoscope, indicates airway obstruction, a medical emergency
crackles abnormal crackly lung sound heard with a stethoscope, sounds like rice krispies
wheeze a somewhat musical sound heard in the lungs caused by a partial airway obstruction
pleural effusion collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
empyema collection of infected fluid (pus) in the pleural cavity
hemothorax collection of blood or bloody fluid in the pleural cavity
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural cavity
chondr/o cartilage
tonsil/o tonsils
thorac/o thorax
ortho/o straight
carcin/o cancer, carcinoma
muc/o mucus
trache/o trachea
pneum/o air, lungs
pneumon/o air, lungs
bronchiol/o bronchioles
sinus/o sinuses
bronch/o bronchi/o bronchus
or/o mouth-like opening, mouth
stomat/o mouth-like opening, mouth
natr/o sodium
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
are/o air
pleur/o pleura
pulmon/o lung
ox/i ox/o oxygen
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
nas/o rhin/o nose
alveol/o alveoli
pharyng/o pharynx
Created by: mackenziewick