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NichHagler Mythology

Mythology Terms

Allegory an allegory is a narrative in which the characters often stand for abstract concepts. An allegory generally teaches a lesson by means of an interesting story.
Allusion a reference to something in literature, history, mythology, religious texts, etc., considered common knowledge.
Antagonist the character or force that opposes the protagonist. (It can be a character, an animal, a force, or a weakness of the character.)
Climax the point at which the conflict of the story begins to reach a turning point and begins to be resolved.
Conflict the struggle between two opposing forces that is the basis of the plot. 1) internal conflict character struggling with him/her self, 2) external conflicts – character struggling with forces outside of him/her self.
Connotation the associations, images, or impressions carried by a word, as opposed to the word’s literal meaning.
Denotation the precise, literal meaning of a word, without emotional associations or overtones.
Denouement the final unraveling or outcome of the plot in drama or fiction during which the complications and conflicts of the plot are resolved.
Exposition background information at the beginning of the story, such as setting, characters and conflicts. In a short story the exposition appears in the opening paragraphs; in a novel the exposition is usually part of the first chapter.
Falling Action events that lead to a resolution after the climax.
Figurative Language language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally.
Flashback a scene, or an incident that happened before the beginning of a story, or at an earlier point in the narrative.
Foil a character who provides a striking contrast to another character.
Foreshadowing a writer’s use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later in the narrative.
Hyperbole an exaggeration for emphasis or humorous effect.
Imagery words and phrases that create vivid experiences or a picture for the reader.
Inciting Incident is the event or decision that begins a story's problem
Irony a contrast between appearance and actuality:
Mood the feeling, or atmosphere, that a writer creates for the reader. Connotative words, sensory images, and figurative language contribute to the mood of a selection, as do the sound and rhythm of the language.
Personification a figure of speech in which human qualities or characteristics are given to an animal, object, or concept.
Plot the plan of action or sequence of events of the story.
Protagonist the central character in a story; the one upon whom the actions center. The protagonist faces a problem and must undergo some conflict to solve it.
Resolution the final unwinding, or resolving of the conflicts and complications in the plot.
Rising Action That part of the plot that leads through a series of events of increasing interest and power to the climax or turning point. The rising action begins with an inciting moment, an action or event that sets a conflict of opposing forces into motion.
Setting the time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
Simile a figure of speech in which two seemingly unlike things are compared. The comparison is made explicit by the use of a word or phrase such as: like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems— as in: He was strong as a bull.
Suspense the tension or excitement felt by the reader as he or she becomes involved in the story.
Symbol a person, object, idea or action that stands for something else. It is usually something literal that stands for something figurative. For example: Roads can stand for choices.
Theme the central idea in a literary work. The theme is usually an idea about life or about people. Writers sometimes state the story’s theme outright, but more often they simply tell the story and let the reader discover the theme.
Tone the writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject.
Created by: taylorhagler1