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Chp 7 CV System

Cardiovascular System Q and A

The method of treating a narrowed coronary artery by insertion of a balloon catheter is called percutaneous translumial coronary angioplasty
Diastole means expansion
combining form referring to a circle coron/o
Vascular pertains to a/an vessel
The combining form meaning fatty paste is ather
The following type of drugs are used to treat hypertension ACE inhibitor
The distribution of blood throughout the body is called systemic circulation
Chaotic, irregular contractions of the heart are called fibrillation
Hypotensive describes low blood pressure
The combining form referring to a swollen, twisted vein varic/o
After pulmonary circulation oand the exchange of gases, oxygenated blood returns to the heart via the pulmonary vein
saccular aneurysm describes a/an saclike bulge on the side of a vessel
The combining form meaning pulse sphygm/o
High blood pressure caused by the effects of another disease is secondary hypertension
Depoloarization refers to contraction of a myocardial cell
This procedure entails taking x-ray films of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium radiologic angiography
The term that describes thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification of arterial wall arteriosclerosis
Class of drugs that dilates coronary arteries to relieve chest pain antianginal
In the blood pressure reading, 160/110, the 160 is the systolic measurement
What combining form means belly or pouch? ventricul
This term refers to a buildup of fatty substances within the walls of arteries artherosclerosis
Chest pain caused by a temporary loss of oxygenated blood to the heard muscle is called angina
The device used to reinforce the wall of a vessel to assure its patency is called a/an stent
An abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, generally as a result of infection, is called a vegetation
a stress electrocardiogram is a picture of the heard recorded during induction of controlled physical exercise
True or False: The interatrial septum is the partition between the right and left ventricle FALSE
Vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules veins
What test entails nuclear scans of the heart before and after exercies mycardial radioncuclide organ image
TPA is and example of a/an anticoagulant
Arryhthmia describes irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat
This initiates electrical conduction of the heartbeat sinotrial node
A heart rate slower than 60 beats per minute is called bradycardia
What class of drugs is used to treat irregular heart rhythms antiarrhythmic
Ven/o and phleb/o are combining forms meaning vein
Arteriorgram is radiography of a particular artery
The class of drugs that increase the secreation of urin, commonly prescribed to treat hypertension is diuretic
A clot carried in the bloodstream that obstructs when it lodges is called a/an embolus
A stationary blood clot is called a thrombus
The term for x-ray of a vein is phlebogram
Which side of the heart handles deoxygenated blood? right side
An implantable cardioverter defibrillator is designed to stop ventricular fibrillation and tachycardia
The implanted electronic device used to treat bradycardia is called a pacemaker
Endarterectomy surgical removal of the lining of an artery
Another term for mitral valve bicuspid
A congenital anomaly of the heart coarctation of the aorta
Myocardium thick muscular layer of the heart
Angi/o vessel
ECG and EKG are abbreviations for electrocardiogram
What procedure is used to evaluate blood flow to determine the presence of deep vein thrombosis or carotid insufficency? Doppler sonography
Mitral valve allows blood flow into the left ventricle
HTN is an abbreviation for hypertension
The medical term describing an enlargement of the right ventricle as a result of chronic lung disease cor pulmonale
Surrounds and encloses the heart in a loose protective sac percardium
Occulsion refers to obstruction or closing off
Cardioversion stops tachycardia
Endovascular interventional procedures are often included in what diagonstic procedure cardiac catheterization
What carries blood from the heart to the arterioles arteries
Atherosclerosis is most often the cause of coronary artery disease
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
A combining form for chest pector/o
General term describing a condition of diseased heart muscle cardiomyopathy
Created by: mh