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IR flashcards

Clash cards about the industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution took place in _____________ and ________________. America and Europe
Where did manufacturing take place before the IR? In peoples homes
List four industries strongly influenced by the IR. Textile, Iron Production, Banking, Transportation, and Communication
What sort of new engine provided power for the IR? Steam Engine
Who were the Luddites? People opposed to technology change
Why did England become the birthplace of the IR? They had Iron and Coal as well as a stable society of colonies.
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s IR. They had provided raw materials, and market to sell all of Britain's Manufactured goods.
What are textiles? The manufacturing of of cloth and peoples clothing.
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Setting there own hours
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
Two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution include what? Locomotive train and the steamboat
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle and upper class
What was the century during which the IR began? 18th
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the IR? Professionals had to work but later anyone could.
Where was most work done before and after the IR? At first in homes then in factories
What material was used for fuel before and after the IR? Before
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the IR?
What level of productivity was achieved before and after the IR?
What is industrialization? When a agriculture type based economy is changed to a factory based economy
What is mechanization? Moving from hand work to machine work
What is productivity? How much of an item can be produced in a certain amount of time
Who invented an improved steam engine that powered the IR? Thomas Savery
Created by: bnd1011