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Chabner CH 13 vocab

Stack #213600

QuestionAnswer
albumin protein in blood
antibody protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens.
basophil granulocytic white blood cells with granules that stain blue when exposed to basic dye
bilirubin orange-yellow pigment in bile
coagulation blood clotting
colony-stimulating factor (CSF) protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of white blood cells.
differentiation change in structure and function of a cell as it matures
electrophoresis method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge
eosinophil granulocytic white blood cell with granules that stain red with the acidic dye eosin
erythrocyte red blood cell
erythropoietin (EPO) hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates formation of red blood cells
fibrin protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
fibrinogen plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
globulins part of blood containing different plasma proteins.
granulocyte white blood cell with numerous dark staining granules
heme iron-containing nonprotein portion of the hemoglobin molecule
hemoglobin blood protein containing iron
hemolysis destruction or breakdown of blood
heparin anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells
immune reaction response of the immune system to foreign invasion
immunoglobulin protein with antibody activity
leukocyte white blood cell
lymphocyte mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies
macrophage monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces
megakaryocyte large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow
monocyte large mononuclear phagocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow
mononuclear pertaining to a cell with a single round nucleus
neutrophil granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow
plasma liquid portion of blood
plasmapheresis removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge
platelet smallest blood cell
prothrombin plasma protein
reticulocyte immature erythrocyte with a network of stands that are seen after staining the cell with special dyes
Rh factor antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive individuals
serum plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
stem cell unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms
thrombin enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
thrombocyte platelet
chrom/o color
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
eosin/o red, dawn, rosy
erthr/o red
granul/o granules
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
is/o same, equal
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
mon/o one, single
morph/o shape, form
myel/o bone marrow
neutr/o neutral
nucle/o nucleus
bas/o base
phag/o eat, swallow
poikil/o varied, irregular
sider/o iron
spher/o globe, round
thromb/o clot
-apheresis removal, a carrying away
-blast immature cell, embryonic
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-globulin protein
-lytic pertaining to destruction
-oid derived from
-osis abnormal condition
-penia deficiency
-phage eat, swallow
-philia attraction for
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-phoiesis formation
-stasis stop, control
anemia deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
aplastic anemia failure of blood cell production due to aplasia of bone marrow cells
hemolytic anemia reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
pernicious anemia lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
sickle cell anemia a hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
thalassemia an inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin
hemochromatosis excess iron deposits throughout the body
polycythemia vera general increase in red blood cells
hemophilia excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances necesary for blood clotting
purpura multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
leukemia increase in cancerous white blood cells
acute myelogenous leukemia immature granulocytes perdominate
acute lymphocytic leukemia immature lymphocytes predominate
chronic myelogenous leukemia both mature and immature granulocytes are present in the marrow and bloodstream
chronic lymphocytic leukemia abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in the marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen.
remission disappearance of signs of disease
relapse reapperance of leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow
pancytopenia stem cells fail to produce leukocytes, platelets, and erythrocytes
petechiae tine purple or red flat spots appearing on the skin as a result of hemorrhages
ecchymoses larger blue or purplish patches on the skin
autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura condition in which a patient makes an antibody that destroys platelets
granulocytosis abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
eosinophilia increase in eosinophilic granulocytes
basophilia increase in basophilic granulocytes seen in certain types of leukemia
mononucleosis an infection disease marked by increased numbers of leukocutes and englarged cervical lymph nodes
multiple myeloma malignant neoplasm of bone marrow
bence jones protein immunoglobulin fragment found in urine
antiglobulin test test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes
bleeding time time required for blood to stop flowing from a tine puncture wound
coagulation time time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
complete blood count (CBC) determination of the number of red and white cells and platelets, hemoglobin level and hematocrit, and red cell indices
erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) speed at which erythrocytes settle out of plasma
hematocrit (Hct) percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood
hemoglobin test (H, Hg, HGB) total amount of hemoglobin in a sample of peripheral blood
partial thromboplastin time (PTT) measures the presence of plasma factors that act in a portion of the coagulation pathway
platelet count number of platelets per cubic millimeter (mm3) or microliter of blood
prothrombin time (PT) test the ability of blood to clot
red blood cell count (RBC) number of erythrocytes per cubin millimeter or microliter of blood
red blood cell morphology microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells
white blood cell count (WBC) number of leukocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
white blood cell differential percentage of the total WBC made up by different types of leukocutes
apheresis separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood
blood transfusion whole blood or cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient
bone marrow biopsy microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle
hematopoietic stem cell transplantation peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered into a recipients vein
Created by: amandaleija3 on 2009-03-01



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