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Chabner Chpt 13


Basophil White blood cell with dark-staining granules that have an affinity for basic dyes.
Hypochromic Pertaining to deficiency of color (reduction of hemoglobin in red blood cells).
Anticoagulant A substance that works against coagulation (blood clotting).
Coagulopathy Disease of the clotting process
Cytology Study of cells.
Eosinophil White blood cell with dark-staining granules that have an affinity for acid dyes; granules turn red (eosin) in the presence of dye.
Erythrocytopenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
Granulocyte White blood cell with large, dark-staining granules in its cytoplasm.
Hemolysis Destruction of blood cells.
Hematocrit Separation of blood; percentage of red blood cells in a given volume of blood.
Hemoglobinopathy Disease of abnormal hemoglobins (sickle-cell anemia, thalassemia).
Anisocytosis Abnormal condition of unequal size of cells (erythrocytes).
Megakaryocyte Cell with multiple large nuclei; immature platelet.
Leukocytopenia Deficiency of white blood cells.
Monocyte White blood cell with one large nucleus; an agranulocyte and phagocyte.
Morphology Study of shape or form (of blood cells).
Myeloblast Bone marrow cell that develops into a myelocyte and then a leukocyte.
Myelogenous Pertaining to formed in the bone marrow
Neutropenia Deficiency in neutrophils.
Mononuclear Pertaining to a white blood cell with one large nucleus (monocyte or lymphocyte).
Polymorphonuclear Pertaining to a white blood cell with a multilobed nucleus (neutrophil).
Phagocyte Cell that ingests other cells or microorganisms.
Poikilocytosis Irregularity in the shape of red blood cells.
Sideropenia Deficiency in iron in serum.
Spherocytosis Condition (abnormal) in which erythrocytes assume a spheroidal (rounded) shape.
Thrombocytopenia Deficiency of clotting cells.
Plasmapheresis Removal of plasma from the rest of the blood by mechanical means (centrifuge).
Leukapheresis Removal of white blood cells from the rest of the blood by centrifugation.
Plateletpheresis Removal of platelets from the rest of the blood by centrifugation.
Monoblast Immature white blood cell (monocyte).
Erythroblast Immature red blood cell.
Macrocytosis Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of macrocytes (red blood cells that are larger than normal).
Microcytosis Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of microcytes (red blood cells that are smaller than normal).
Leukemia Abnormal condition of white blood cells (increase in numbers of malignant cells).
Hemoglobin Blood protein in erythrocytes; enables the cell to carry oxygen.
Immunoglobulin Protein (antibody produced by plasma cells) that acts to protect the body by destroying antigens.
thrombolytic therapy Treatment that destroys blood clots.
Myeloid Derived from bone marrow.
Thrombosis Abnormal condition of clotting.
Granulocytopenia Deficiency of granulocytes (white blood cells).
Pancytopenia Deficiency of all (blood) cells.
Macrophage Large cell (in blood and tissues) that eats (engulfs) other cells; derived from a monocyte.
Eosinophilia Increase in numbers of eosinophils.
Neutrophilia Increase in numbers of neutrophils.
Electrophoresis Separation of proteins in a solution by using an electric current (used to separate protein fractions of serum, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid).
Hematopoiesis Formation of blood cells.
Erythropoiesis Formation of erythrocytes.
Myelopoiesis Formation of bone marrow.
Hemostasis Stoppage of the flow of blood.
Created by: HSchantz