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Chap 4 terms

Access list a paper or electronic record of individuals who have permission to enter a secure area, the time that they entered, and the time they left the area
Activity phase controls Subtypes of security controls, classified as deterrent, preventive, detective, compensation, or corrective
admin controls process for developing and ensuring that policies and procedures are carried out, specifying actions that users may do, must do, or cannot do
alarm an audible sound to warn a guard of an intruder
antispyware software that helps prevent computers from being infected by different types of spyware
antivirus software that can examin a computer for any infections as well as monitor computer activity and scan new documents that might contain a virus
barricade a structure designed to block the passage of traffic
Bayesian filtering Spam filtering software that analyzes every word in an email and determines how frequently a word occurs in order to determine if it is spam
Big data a collection of data sets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process using on hand database management tools or traditional data processing applications
black list permitting everything unless it appears on the list
cable lock a device that can be inserted into the security slot of a portable device and rotated so that the cable lock is secured to the device to prevent it from being stolen
client-side validation having the client web browser perform all validations and error recovery procedures
closed circuit television video cameras and receivers used for surveillance in areas that require security monitoring
compensating control control that provides alternatives to normal controls that for some reason cannot be used
corrective coontrol control that is intended to mitigate or lessen the damage caused by an incident
cross-site request forgery attack that uses the user's web browser settings to impersonate the user
data at-rest data stored on electronic media
data in-transit data that is in transit across a network, such as an email sent across the internet
data in-use a state of data in which actions upon it are being performed by endpoint devices such as printers
data loss prevention a system that can identify critical data, monitor how it is being accessed, and protect it from unauthorized users
deadbolt lock a door lock that extends a solid metal bar into the door frame for extra security
detective control a control that is designed to identify any threat that has reached the system
deterrent control a control that attempts to discourage security violations before they occur
embedded system a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger electrical or mechanical system
errors faults in a program that occur while the application is running. also called exceptions
exceptions errors
fencing securing a restricted area by erecting a barrier
firewall hardware or software that is designed to prevent malicious packets from entering or leaving computers
fuzz testing a software testing technique that deliberately provides invalid, unexpected, or random data as inputs to a computer program
guard a human who is an active security element
host-based application firewall a firewall that runs a program on a local system
hotfix software that addresses a specific customer situation and often may not be distributed outside that customers organization
input validation verifying a user's input to an application
lighting lights that illuminate an area so it can be viewed after dark
locking cabnit a ruggedized steel box with a lock
mainframe a very large computing system that has a significant processing capabilities
mantrap a device that monitors and controls two interlocking doors to a small room designed to separate secure and non secure areas
motion detection determining an objects change in position in relation to its surrounding
NoSQL a non relational database that is better tuned for accessing large data sets
NoSQL databases vs. SQL databases an argument regarding which database technology is superior
OS hardening tightening security during the design and coding of the os
packet filter hardware or software that is designed to prevent malicious packets from entering or leaving computers
patch a general software security update intended to cover vulnerabilities that have been discovered
popup blocker either a program or a feature incorporated within a browser that stops popup advertisements fromappearing
preventative controls control that attempts to prevent the threat from coming in and reaching contact with the vulnerability
PDS a system of cable conduits that is used to protect classified info being transmitted between 2 secure areas
proximity reader a device that detects an emitted signal in order to identify the owner
safe a ruggedized steel box with a lock
SCADA large-scale, industrial-control systems.
security control any device or process that is used to reduce risk
security policy a document or series of documents that clearly defines the defense mechanisms an organization will employ to keep info secure
server side validation having a server perform all validations and error recovery procedures
service pack software that is a cumulative package of all security updates plus additional features
sign a written placard that explains a warning, such as notice that an area is restricted
smartphone a call phone with an operating system that allows it to run third-party apps
SQL vs NoSQL an argument regarding which database technology is better
static environment devices in which additional hardware cannot easily be added or attached
technical controls security controls that are carried out or managed by devices
trusted os an OS that has been designed through OS hardening
video surveillance monitoring activity that is captured by a video camera
whitelist permitting nothing unless it appears on the list
wrapper function a substitute for a regular function that is used in testing
Created by: JacobAntholz