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U.S. Geography pt 1

Major Mountain Ranges in the United States

TermDefinition
Rocky Mountains The highest and broadest mountains in our country. They extend for Central America, through the western part of our country, and into Canada to Alaska.
The Front Range Part of Rocky Mountains located in Colorado
Grand Tetons Part of Rocky Mountains located in Wyoming
Wasatch Part of Rocky Mountains located in Utah
Sawtooth Part of Rocky Mountains located in Idaho
Brooks Range Part of Rocky Mountains located in northern Alaska
Rocky Mountain States Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico
Mount Elbert Highest peak(14, 433 feet) in the Front Range in Colorado
Pike's Peak Frequently visited peak (14,410) in Colorado
Continental Divide Formed by the Rocky Mountains, this range separates the rivers that flow west to the Pacific Ocean from those that flow east toward the Atlantic Ocean.
Appalachian Mountains These mountains are located in the eastern parts of our country. They are older, with more rounded peaked and less elevation that the Rockies.
Green Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in Vermont
White Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in New Hampshire
Catskill Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in New York
Blue Ridge Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and West Virginia
Allegheny Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and West Virginia, but farther west from the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Great Smokey Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina
Cumberland Mountains Part of the Appalachian Mountains located in Virginia, West Virginia, and Alabama
Mount Washington The highest peak(6,288 feet) in New England, it is located in the White Mountains in New Hampshire.
Mount Mitchell The highest peak(6,684 feet) in the Appalachian Mountains, it is located in North Carolina.
Piedmont The upland section of foothills to the east of the Appalachian Mountains
Ozark Plateau These high plains and short mountains are located mainly throughout the states of Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma.
Ouachita Part of the Ozark Plateau located in Arkansas and Oklahoma
Boston Mountains Part of the Ozark Plateau located in Arkansas
Coastal Ranges These mountains stretch from Southern California to northern Washington, near the Pacific Coast.
Cascade Range This range is located in Washington and Oregon.
Mount Rainier Highest peak(14,410) in the Cascade Range in Washington. It is a dormant volcano.
Mount St. Helen's Part of the Cascade Range located in Washington, it last erupted July 10, 2008.
Crater Lake Part of the Cascade Range located in Oregon, it was formed 7,700 years ago by the collapse of the volcano Mount Mazama.
Mount Shasta Part of the Cascade Range, it is the second highest peak(14,179 feet) in the Cascade Range. Located in California, it is a potentially active volcano.
Mount Hood Part of the Cascade Range located in Oregon, it is the fourth highest peaks in the Cascade Range(11,249 feet). It is said to be Oregon's volcano most likely to erupt.
Sierra Nevada This range is located mainly in California.
Alaska Range Located in the southern section of Alaska. Eleven of the highest peaks are located in Alaska.
Mount McKinley Located in the Alaska Range, it is the highest peak (20,320 feet) in the United States and in North America. Located in the Denali National Park, it is also known as Denali.