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Pos. & Direct. Terms

Positional and Directional Terms

Anatomical Position standing, facing towards you, hands at side, and palms toward you
Midsagittal divides body into equal right and left sides
Sagittal divides body into unequal right and left sides
Frontal divides body into front and back portions
Transverse divides body into upper and lower portions
Superior upper, towards head
Inferior lower, towards feet
Ventral front or belly side
Cephalic towards the head
Anterior towards the front
Posterior towards the back
Dorsal back of body or organ
Caudal towards lower part of body
Medial near the midline
Lateral away from the midline
Proximal near the midline or beginning of a structure
Distal farthest from the midline or beginning of a structure
Flexion to bend or decrease the angle at a joint
Extension to straighten or increase the angle at a joint
Abduction to take away from the midline or body
Adduction to bring back to or add back to the midline or center of the body
Supination palms are up
Pronation palms are down
Plantarflexion to point toes to the floor or stand on tiptoes
Dorsiflexion stand or balance on heels, toes up and off the ground
Created by: taylorruth09