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NervousSystem Review

Purple Module - Nervous System Review Terms

Epilepsy A disorder characterized by seizures
Coma Abnormal, deep unconsciousness
Microcephaly Abnormally small head
Anorexia Nervosa All-consuming desire to remain thin
Bulimia Nervosa Binging and purging
Concussion Brain injury causing transient loss of conciousness
Ventricle Cavity of an organ
Trephination Circular opening made in the skull to relieve ICP
Somatic Nervous System (SNS) Coveys impulses for voluntary functions.
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Conveys impulses to glands, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles
Hypnotic Depresses CNS functions to induce sleep
Multiple Sclerosis Disease of the myelin sheath
Myelopathy Disease of the spinal cord
Cerebrum Functions include sensory perception and interpretation, muscular movement and emotional aspects of behavior and memory.
Agnosia Inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory, and other sensations
Catatonic Inability to move or talk
Aphasia Inability to speak
Cranitomy Incision into the skull
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Includes all nervous tissue of the body found outside the CNS
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
Pia Mater Innermost membrane of the brain and spinal cord
Tremor Involuntary tremble or shake
Tic Involuntary, spasmodic muscular contractions
Ataxia Lack of muscle coordination
Lethargy Lack of response; sluggishness
Psychosis Major emotional disorder
Nerve Conduction Velocity Measures the speed impulses travel through a nerve
Arachnoid Membrane Middle layer covering the brain and spinal cord
Efferent Travelling away from a central structure
Afferent Travelling toward a central structure.
Lumbar Puncture Needle puncture of the lower spinal cavity.
Central Nervous System Network of nervous tissue found in the brain and spinal cord.
Neurosis Nonpsychotic mental illness
Idiopathic Occurring without a known cause
Dura Mater Outermost layer covering the brain and spinal cord
Myelalgia Pain in the spinal cord
Herpes Zoster Painful, acute infectious disease; aka shingles
Dystrophy Poor development
Aura Premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder
Anaesthetics Produce a loss of sensation
Anxiety Psychological "worry" disorder
Electroencephalogram Records electrical activity of brain patterns
Cerebellum Refines muscular movement; aids in equilibrium
Analgesics Relieve pain
Convulsion Sudden and violent contraction of the muscles
Neuron The functional cell of the nervous system
Meninges Three membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord.
Neurotransmitters Transmit impulses across synapses
Myelin White fat-like sheath
Asthenia Weakness or debility
The three major structures of neurons 1. Cell Body 2. Dendrites 3. Axon
The section of the cerebrum that can only be seen on dissection The Insula
The four major structures of the brain 1.Cerebrum 2.Cerebellum 3.Diencephalon 4.Brainstem
The four major types of neuroglia 1.Astrocytes 2.Oligodendrocytes 3.Microglia 4.Ependyma
The function of the hypothalamus Regulates activities of the ANS, such as heart rate, body temperature, and fluid balance.
The two types of nerve cells found in the nervous system 1.Neurons 2.Neuroglia
The three types of neurosis 1.Phobias 2.Hysterias 3.OCD
The CNS consists of The brain and the spinal cord
Alzheimers disease A progressive neurological disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by memory loss, impaired judgement, and orientation.
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cerebrospinal Fluid colourless, shock absorbing liquid, absorbed as rapidly as it is made, maintains constant volume
Parkinson disease Progressive neurological disorder affecting the portion of the brain responsible for controlling movement. Caused by lack of dopamine.
The brainstem is composed of 1.Midbrain (mesencephalon) 2.Medulla Oblongata 3.Pons
Pons The "bridge" from the midbrain to the medulla
Thalamus Receives all sensory stimuli except olfactory, transmits them to the cerebral cortex.
AD Alzheimer's disease
ADHD attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ANS autonomic nervous system
ASAP as soon as possible
BEAM brain electrical activity mapping
C1 first cranial vertebrae
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CTA computed tomography angiogram
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalography
EMG electromyography
ICP intracranial pressure
L3 3rd lumbar vertebra
LOC loss of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MEG magentoencephalogram
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
MSI magnetic source imaging
NCV nerve conduction velocity
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
PET positron emission tomography
PNS parasympathetic nervous system
SRS stereotactic radiosurgery
SNS somatic nervous system
STAT immediately
T12 12th thoracic vertebra
TIA transient ischemic attack
US ultrasonography
Created by: Cellyvision