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Unit 3

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Cordillera A system or group of parallel mountain ranges together with the interviewing plateaus and other features, especially in the Andes or the Rockies
Spanish Conquest the subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force
Tenochtitlan he capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City
Institutional Revolutionary Party The political party introduced in 1929 in Mexico that helped to introduce democracy and maintain political stability for much of the 20th century
Altiplano the high tableland of central South America
Mestizo a man of mixed race, especially the offspring of a Spaniard and an American Indian
Cultural Hearth any place where certain related changes in land-use appeared due to human domestication of plants and animals
United Provinces of Central America A former federal republic in Central America
Escarpment a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights
Calypso a kind of West Indian *originally Trinidadian* music in syncopated African rhythm, typically with words improvised on a topical theme
Reggae a style of popular music with a strongly accented subsidiary beat, originating in Jamaica
Informal Economy activities and income that are partially or fully outside government regulation, taxation, and observation
Llanos a treeless grassy plain
Inca a South American hummingbird having mainly blackish or bronze-colored plumage with one or two white breast patches
Mercosur a sub-regional bloc
Quechua a member of an American Indian people of Peru and parts of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador
Pampas extensive, treeless plains in South America
Carnival a period of public revelry at a regular time each year involving processions, music, dancing, and the use of masquerade
Samba a Brazilian dance of African origin
Treaty of Tordesillas agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered
Gaucho a cowboy of the South American pampas
Capoeria a system of physical discipline and movement originating among Brazilian slaves, treated as a martial art and dance form
Biodiversity the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem
Debt-for-nature-swap a transaction in which a foreign exchange debt owed by a developing country
Hydroelectric power the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower
Deforestation the clearing of trees, transforming a forest into cleared land
Oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution
Land Reform a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution
Estuary the tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream
Caudillo *in spanish speaking regions* a military or political leader
Junta a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
Push Factor forceful, and a factor which causes a person to migrate
Indigenous originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
Cerrado a type of plains community characterized by vegetation ranging from tropical broadleaf woodlands to scrublands, occurring in extensive areas of Brazil
Terraced Farming a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces for the purposes of more effective farming
Slash and Burn of, relating to, or denoting a method of agriculture in which existing vegetation is cut down and burned off before new seeds are sown
Dialect a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group
Pull Factor something that attracts people to go and live in a particular place
Infastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities *buildings, roads, and power supplies* needed for the operation of a society or enterprise
Maquiladora a factory in Mexico run by a foreign company and exporting its products to the country of that company
NAFTA an agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico designed to remove tariff barriers between the three countries
Created by: k_murski