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Unit 3

TermDefinition
Cordillera A system or group of parallel mountain ranges together with the intervening plateaus and other features, especially in the Andes or the Rockies.
Maquiladora Factory in Mexico that assembles imported materials into finished goods for export.
Dialect a version in language that reflects changes in speech patterns due to class, region or cultural changes.
Slash and Burn A way of clearing fields for planting by cutting trees, brush, and grasses and burning them.
Terraced Farming An ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into slopes.
Cerrado Savannas with flat terrain and moderate rainfall.
Indigenous Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place.
Junta a gov't run by generals after a military takeover.
Caudillo A military dictator or political boss.
Estuary Seaward end of a river, where the rivers currents meets the ocean's tide.
Land Reform Breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
Oligarchy A gov't run by a few persons or a small group.
Deforestation Cutting down and clearing away of trees.
Debt-for-nature-swap An organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of gov't debt in return for gov't protection of a certain portion of the rain forest.
Biodiversity Variety of organism,s within an ecosystem.
Capoeira A martial art dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa.
Gaucho A native cowboy of the South American pampas, usually of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry.
Treaty of Tordesillas Between Spain & Portugal in 1494 that gave Portugal control over the land that is present-day Brazil.
Samba Brazilian dance with African influence.
Carnival Colorful feast in Brazil.
Pampas Plains with areas of grassland with rich soil. Found in No. Argentina and Uruguay.
Quechua Language of the Inca Empire, now spoken in the Andes Mtns.
Mercosur A trading block composed of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela, with associate members Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Inca Member of the Quenchen peoples of So. America who built a civilization in the Andes in the 15th & 16th Centuries.
Llanos Grassy treeless area in So. America, used for grazing and farming.
Informal Economy Outside of officials channels, without benefit or protection of workers.
Reggae Music style developed in Jamaica in the 60's and is rooted in African, Caribbean, and American music, often dealing with social problems and religion.
Calypso Style of Music that began in Trinidad and combines musical elements from Africa, Spain and the Caribbean.
Escarpment a steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top.
United Provinces of Cen. Amer. The name of Central America after the region declared independence of Mexico.
Mestizo Population of Spanish and Native American heritage.
Altiplano Andean Plateau or Bolivian Plateau, in west-central South America, where the Andes are at their widest.
Institutional Revolutionary Party Introduced in 1929 in Mexico that helped introduce democracy and maintain political stability for much of the 20th century.
Spanish Conquest Conquering of Native Americans by the Spanish.
Tenochtitlan The ancient Aztec capital, site of present day Mexico City.
Created by: swiftjustice