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Healthcare IT 2015

study for healthcare information technology terminology

Abstracting The process of collecting, tabulating, aggregating, and summarizing selected data elements.
Abuse A pattern of practices or customs that is unsound or inconsistent with ethical, business, or healthcare practices or customs.
Acceptance process A step in the procurement activity where the buyer examines the goods received or the services contracted to determine whether they comply with the purchase order.
Access control The level of permission granted to a particular user of a database.
Account number Assigned for every encounter.
Accreditation The process by which an external entity reviews an organization or program of study to determine if the organization or program meets certain predetermined standards.
Active euthanasia The practice of actions that speed the process of dying.
Acuity Severity
Acute care Patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition,
ADA Americans for Disabilities Act
ADL Activities of daily living
Administrative data The basic identification and financial data routinely collected from every patient.
Admission register A listing of all patients admitted to a particular health care facility, typically arranged in chronological order by date and time of admission.
Admission review A step in the utilization process performed during admission to the facility as means to determine whether the admission or procedure/treatment plan is medically necessary and appropriate for the setting.
Advance directive Written instructions describing the kind of healthcare the patient wishes to have or not have in the event that she becomes incapacitated.
Adult day care faculty Temporary care for adult not to exceed 12 consecutive hours
Agent In epidemiology, the factor that causes the disease.
Aggregae data collection The combining of specific data into larger groupings that can be used to describe a bigger concept. For example, disease rates for tuberculosis in smaller areas are combined together for a location such as a country. It does not identify individual patien
AHIMA American Health Information Management Association
Ambulatory Capable of walking; not bedridden.
Ambulatory care facility Outpatient facility
Ambulatory surgery center Outpatient surgery: walk in-walk out
Analytic epidemiology A type of epidemiology in which an investigative technique is used to determine a statistical correlation between a specific factor and a given disease.
Application program Software that performs tasks on behalf of the end user and are typically self-contained.
Applied research Research that is designed to answer a practical question.
Applied statistics The use of statistics and statistical theory in real-life situations.
ARRA American Reinvestment Recovery Act (The Stimulus)
Assisted living residence An assisted living resident is defined as a resident who needs assistance with at least one of the activities of daily living
Audits The activities associated with the inspection of an organizations, accounts, reports, and statements.
Audit trails The paths that clearly show the sequence sequence of events leading to an entry in a given account.
Authentication The act or process of ensuring the entry in a record for both accuracy and authorship.
Automated dispensing cabinet (ADC) a.k.a. Pyxis: An automated dispensing cabinet (ADC) is a computerized drug storage device or cabinet designed for hospitals.
Autografts Organ or tissue transplants using one's own body parts.
Autopsy rate The total number of autopsies (postmortems) performed on inpatient deaths divided by the total number of inpatient deaths including newborns, children, and adults.
Balance billing Any charges not paid by the private insurance company or patient's employer become the responsibility of the patient (before final settlement can take place).
Birth center (or birthing center) Specialized birthing facility: stand alone or within a hospital
Blood bank place where supplies of blood or plasma for transfusion are stored. Often a community organization.
Blood work A popular term for analytical data obtained from blood, which is generally understood to mean red cell counts and analysis, leukocyte differential and platelet count, but may also include analysis of blood chemistries, including electrolytes, enzyme level
BP Blood pressure
CCD Continuity of Care document. The Continuity of Care Document specification is an XML-based markup standard intended to specify the encoding, structure, and semantics of a patient summary clinical document for exchange.
CDC "Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, GA The national public health institute of the United States. Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability. "
CDSS/CDS Clinical Decision Support System
Chief complaint the primary symptom that a patient states as the reason for seeking medical care. AKA known as "presenting complaint".
Clinical department Critical care, laboratory, pharmacy, surgery, etc.
Clinical information system Example: LIS (Lab information system)
CMS - Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services Responsible for administering Medicaid and Medicare and regulating standards of electronic transactions of claims, providers,and diagnostic codes.
Certified Nursing Assistant is a person who assists patients with healthcare needs and cares for a patient who is ill or recovering from a surgery or disease. CNA’s duties are assigned by a registered professional nurse.
Clinician A person (such as a doctor or nurse) who works directly with patients rather than in a laboratory or as a researcher.
Cold feed Message that does not require and acknowledgement
Computer tomography (CT) A radiographic scanning procedure to obtain cross-sectional images. The X-ray source rotates about the patient, generating X-rays which pass through the individual and are monitored as they exit, by detectors that are linked to a computer. ...
Computerized physician (provider) order entry electronic entry of medical practitioner instructions for the treatment of patients under his or her care
Coinsurance A form of medical cost sharing in a health insurance plan that requires an insured person to pay a stated percentage of medical expenses after the deductible amount, if any, was paid.
Consultation The formal request by a physician for the professional opinion or services of another heatlh care professional, usually another physician, incaring for a patient. Also refers to the opinion or services themselves as well as the activity of rendering the o
Copay A form of medical cost sharing in a health insurance plan that requires an insured person to pay a fixed dollar amount when a medical service is received. The insurer is responsible for the rest of the reimbursement.
CPT The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code set is a medical code set maintained by the American Medical Association. Describes medical, surgical, and diagnostic services and is designed to communicate uniform information about medical services and proc
CT or CT Scan A method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross-sectional scans along a single axis.
Dashboard a software-based control panel for one or more applications, network devices or industrial machines. It usually displays simulated gauges and dials that look somewhat like an automobile dashboard. A computer dashboard organize
Deductible A fixed dollar amount during the benefit period - usually a year - that an insured person pays before the insurer starts to make payments for covered medical services. Plans may have both per individual and family deductibles.
Diagnosis Literally, "complete knowledge"; refers to the name of the patient's condition or illness. Or the reason for the health care encounter.
Diagnostic lab Tests for and confirms diseases and conditions
Dictation Physicians dictate clinical notes and observations for documentation. Is currently often being replaced by structured reporting (templates).
DO Doctor of Osteopathy
EEG Electro Encephalogram: A test or record of brain activity produced by electroencephalography.
Electronic health record (EHR) an official health record for an individual that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies
Electronic medical record (EMR) a medical record within a single facility, such as a doctor's office or a clinic.
Electronic medication administration record (eMAR) Electronic Medication Administration Record
Eprescribe-electronic prescriptions Electronic prescribing or e-prescribing is the computer-based electronic generation, transmission and filling of a medical prescription, taking the place of paper and faxed prescriptions.
Eligible Provider The Medicare and Medicaid EHR Incentive Programs provide incentive payments to eligible professionals, eligible hospitals and critical access hospitals (CAHs) as they adopt, implement, upgrade or demonstrate meaningful use of certified EHR technology.
Emergency Department (ED not room) a medical treatment facility specializing in acute care of patients who present without prior appointment, either by their own means or by ambulance. ...
Emergency department information system (EDIS) Emergency Department Information System
EMI Electromagnetic Interference
ENT Ears, Nose and Throat
ePHI electronic Personal Health Information
FDA responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medicatio
FTP File Transfer Protocol:
Gigabyte One billion bytes
General acute care hospital may require a stay in a hospital emergency department, ambulatory surgery center, urgent care center
Health information exchange (HIE) Sharing of patient records between providers.
Health Level 7 (HL7) an organization and members provide a framework (and related standards) for the exchange, integration, sharing, and retrieval of electronic health information.
Healthcare IT (HIT) - pronounced "hite" Healthcare Information Technology
Healthcare provider Can refer to an individual or institution
HIPAA Health Information Portability Accountability Act
History and Physical (H&P) Medical history and physical examination
HITECH Act Funding for EHRs-Meaningful use provisions
Home health agency Provides short-term skilled nursing or rehabilitative services to homebound persons following a decline in function or an acute illness. Medicare,
Hospice agency End of life and palliative care: Contrast with therapeutic care
Hospital information system (HIS) A comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage all the aspects of a hospital operation, such as medical, administrative, financial, legal and the corresponding service processing
Hospitalist A physician employed by a hospital, whose medical practice is focused primarily on patient care situations specific to the acute care setting.
HTML Hypertext Transfer Protocol
International Code of Diseases used by physicians and other health care providers to classify and code all diagnoses, symptoms and procedures recorded in conjunction with hospital care in the United States.
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) also known as a critical care unit (CCU), intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive care medicine. Treats patients with the most severe illnesses and inju
Information System (IS) Input, process, output, store
Inpatient 24 hours or more
Interface A point where two systems, devices, etc., meet and interact
Interface engine Used in place of multiple point-to-point interface
IP Internet Protocol
Lab information system (LIS) Clinical system
Labor and Delivery (L&D) An obstetrics unit
Local Area Unit supplies networking capability to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building.
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LOINC Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes: is a database and universal standard for identifying medical laboratory observations.
Long-term care As opposed to acute care: Associated with nursing homes
LPN Licensed Practical Nurse
MA Medical Assistant
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a form of medical imaging that measures the response of the atomic nuclei of body tissues to high-frequency radio waves when placed in a strong magnetic field, and that produces images of the internal organs.
Master patient index (MPI) a database that is used across a healthcare organization to maintain consistent, accurate and current demographic and essential medical data on the patients
MAR Medication Administration Record
Medical image X-ray, CT Scan, etc.
Medical record number (MRN) Unique patient identifier
Medical records office Traditionally where patient records were stored
Medical specialty The focus of a physician's practice, such as pediatrics or oncology. Specialties are represented by Boards, which certify physicians in the specialty.
Medication Chemical substance used to treat disease.
Medication administration record (MAR) In a hospital most often updated by nursing
Message Specially-formatted data describing events, requests, and replies
Nursing home Private institution providing residential accommodations with health care, esp. for elderly people or those with debilitating conditions
Oncology The study of tumors
Operative record Standard narrative describing surgery
Order entry system allows the user to enter the first and last names of the patient, and then it displays the name of the patient.
Panel or Lab Panel A group of related lab tests as in "thyroid panel"
Pathology lab study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids, and whole bodies (autopsies).
Patient census Average number of patients per day in a hospital over a given period of time; admitted patients and outpatients are counted separately
Perioperative information system For preoperative, surgery, and post operative (PACU) functions: Also--> Surgery system
Personal health record (PHR) a health record where health data and information related to the care of a patient is maintained by the patient.
Pharmacy information system Complex computer systems that have been designed to meet the needs of a pharmacy department. Through the use of such systems, pharmacists can supervise and have inputs on how medication is used in a hospital.
Physician A medical professional who has satisfied the academic, professional, and legal requirements to diagnose and patients at state-specified levels and within a declared specialty.
Physician's orders The physician's directions regarding the patient's care.
Physician portal Access to patient information from any location
Point-to-point connection A dedicated transmission link between two devices.
Primary care facility Primary care is the long-term relationship between a person and their clinician. The clinician provides care for most of their health needs and coordinates additional health care services beyond the clinician's area of expertise.
Procedure A medical or surgical treatment.
Protocol A plan for scientific or medical treatment also a standardized or formalized procedure for doing something.
Psychiatric hospital Hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
Radiology information system (RIS) a computerized database used by radiology departments to store, manipulate, and distribute patient radiological data and imagery. The system generally consists of patient tracking and scheduling, result reporting and imag
Referral The act or documentation of one physicians' request for an opinion or services from another health care professional, often another physician, for a specific patient regarding specific signs, symptoms, or diagnosis.
Registration collects demographics, insurance, and coordinates with scheduling
Rehabilitation hospital or center Are designed for the rehabilitation of patients with various neurological, muscular-skeletal, orthopedic and other medical conditions following stabilization of their acute medical issues.
Requisitions (lab requisition) Request for laboratory test
Resident A person who after college and medical school performs professional duties under the supervision of a fully qualified physician.
Solutions Another name for applications: As in, "Our emergency department solution."
Specimen (lab specimen) A sample, as of tissue, blood, or urine, used for analysis
Stat Stat, from statim is a medical term meaning "immediately" (from Latin)
Surgical summary report Brief report that should be filled out by the operative surgeon
Syndrome A group of symptoms that consistently occur together or a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms.
Therapeutic intended to overcome disease and promote recovery. care because of the high cost of treatment after being diagnosed with illness or chronic disease
Thread The interface pipeline that connects two information systems.
Time lockout The capability of software to limit to certain hours of the day and week when users can log in.
Tracking board Tracking locations, status, and other information for emergency department patients, nursery, or nicu patients
Triage assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients or casualties
Treatment A procedure, medication or other measure desinged to cure or alleviate the symptoms of disease.
Ultrasound An imaging process that uses sound waves to create a picture of soft tissues inside the body
Uninterruped power supply (UPS) A device connected to a computer to provide power for a few minutes in cae the power to the facility goes out. These few minutes give the user enough time to save work and log out.
Vascular stress test A physical test using an EKG that determines the capability of veinds to return blood from the lower limbs to the heart.
Version 5010 HIPAA mandated a standard format for electronic claims transactions. This was updated to grow the functional needs of the healthcare industry.
Virtualization On physical maching (computer) hosts multiple activities normally implemented on individual machines.
Vitals cuff Blood pressure cuff
Waiver of liability A contract used to protect healthcare entities from being inappropriately responsible or sued for harm or debt.
Wide area network (WAN) A network that covers a large area. WANs are used to connect networks together such as when facilities or doctors offices connect to the Internet.
Morbidity A disease or illness
Longitudinal The electronic flow of information from one type of provider to another over the span of a patient's care.
Granularity The level of detail that a system provides.
Encounter A patient's healthcare experience that is provided.
Covered entities health plans, health clearinghouses, and healthcare providers.
HHS-Health and Human Services protect the health of Americans, provide access to healthcare for all, contain and treat any national health emergencies, test and regulate food and drug supplies.
The divisions of the ____involved in healthcare are the ___,the____, and the ____. HHS, CMS, ONC, OCR
The new standard of medical diagnosis and inpatient procedure coding, call ___,is required to be adopted by Oct 1 2013, by ___, compliant facilities. ICD-10, HIPPA
The ____ tests and certifies all ___ solutions to be ___ - compliant. ONC, EMR/EHR, HIPPA
The ___enforces____rules to protect ____. OCR, HIPPA, e-PHI
An _____ is used to establish how information is shared and to set expectations for service provided. SLA
Which branch of the HHS controls the electronic standards of transaction for an insurance claim? And what is the current standard? CMS, Version 5010
Which HHS division is responsible for enforcing HIPPA rules? OCR
Do federal or state agencies administrate Medicare? Medicaid? Medicare is administrated at the federal level, Medicaid is administrated by the states
What does the HIPPA Enforcement Rule determine? penalties for violations to HIPAA rules and procedures following a violation, such as investigations and hearings
What are the goals of meaningful use of technology in healthcare? to help healthcare providers know more about their patients, make better decisions, and save money
Why would an eligible provider wnat to demonstrate the meaningful use of technology? to receive monetary incentatives
What are possible breaches of e-PHI? a theft, unauthorized access or disclosure, loss, or improper disposal of e-PHI
What is the purpose of a public health record? used for the collection fo public health data to be analyzed by researchers
What is the basic rule of thumb of record disposal? to make sure the data on an electronic device is unreadable, indecipherable, and cannot be reconstructed
Why are SLA's important and what do they establish? established how e-PHI is shared and used, and an SLA establihes expectations of service provided
An organization that provides access to the Internet Internet service provider (ISP)
A network that covers a large area. Used to connect networks together such as when facilities or doctor’s offices connect to the Internet. wide area network (WAN)
A type of data transmission technology that uses fiber optic cabling. It transmits up to 1.544 mbps (megabits per second). T-line
Strings of glass or plastic in a cable where data is sent as pulses of light. fiber optic
The private network that is secured within a facility internet
A suite of protocols used for communication on the Internet or an intranet TCP/IP
A description of all communication on a network expressed as seven layers. Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model
A network architecture in which client computers rely on services or resources provided by a server computer client-server architecture
An application protocol that defines how data is sent to and from a web server on the web hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)
A secure version of HTTP that encrypts data sent to and from a web server. hypertext transfer protocol secure (HTTPS)
A protocol standard for exchanging files over the Internet or an intranet. file transfer protocol (FTP)
A protocol developed by Microsoft that allows a user to connect to a remote computer over a network. remote desktop protocol (RDP)
A number assigned to a client or server application that serves as an address to the application, which the OS uses to get network communication to the correct application. port
A protocol used in TCP/IP networks at the transport layer of the OSI model. TCP is responsible for guaranteeing data is received and in the correct order transmission control protocol (TCP)
A protocol used in TCP/IP networks at the network layer of the OSI model. IP is responsible for finding the best path to a destination and breaking down messages into packets small enough to travel through the network and reassembling the packets when rec Internet protocol (IP)
The address used to identify a computer or other device on a TCP/IP network. A TCP/IP version 4 IP address has 32 bits, and a TCP/IP version 6 address has 128 bits. IP address
service that resolves domain names into the IP address that the network uses to reach the correct computer on the network domain name service (DNS)
A small network of computers or other connected devices covering a small area such as a home, business, school, or airport local area network (LAN)
The wireless standards used for local networks as defined by the IEEE 802.11 specifications. wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi)
A device that enables a wireless computer , printer, or other device to connect to a network wireless access point (WAP or AP)
A large-scale computer that supports many users and client computers. mainframe
A device or piece of equipment that does not require a reboot to establish a connection and function. hot swappable
The server that administers the user account information, authenticates usernames and passwords, and enforces security policy. domain controller
The Microsoft database managed by the domain controller that system administrators use to control access to the Windows domain. It contains information about users, groups of users, computers on the domain,organization active directory (AD)
A server that connects computers and other devices on a network with printers on the same network. print server
Applications and data stored on remote computers on the Internet made available through a browser. cloud computing
A service that hosts hardware remotely, that is needed for cloud computing. Organizations are allowed to use the hardware to host operating systems and software belonging to the organization Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)
A service that hosts hardware and operating systems remotely that is needed for cloud computing. Organizations are allowed to use the hardware and operating system to host the software belonging to the organization. Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)
A software delivery method where the hardware hosting the software is housed remotely and organizations are allowed to access the software and functions as a web-based service Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
One physical machine hosts multiple activities normally implemented on individual machines. virtualization
Applications or even the entire desktop are made available to a user from a remote server. Only user interaction is presented at the client machine and all other processing takes place at the server. Also called remote desktop service. terminal services
A programming language used to manage data stored in databases structured query language (SQL)
A common markup language used for developing web pages hypertext markup language (HTML)
A markup language used to write a new markup language. You can create your own HTML tags extensible markup language (XML)
An open source, server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic web pages. hypertext preprocessor (PHP)
A server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic web pages. active server pages (ASP or ASP.NET)
A segment of programming code that can be used by many programs. An API can be a routine, protocol, or tool used to build a software application application program interface (API) software application
A plug-in or add-on to a browser used to add multimedia graphics to web pages. Adobe Flash
A network that is a wireless, decentralized, temporary, and peer-to-peer connection. ad hoc
A centralized network. Devices connect to an access point to join the network. infrastructure
A security protocol used on a wireless LAN that uses a static encryption key wired equivalent privacy (WEP)
A security protocol used on a wireless LAN that uses TKIP for encryption Wi-Fi protected access (WPA)
A security protocol used on a wireless LAN that uses AES for encryption. Currently the preferred encryption standard for a wireless LAN Wi-Fi protected access 2 (WPA2)
An encryption cipher that uses a block length of 128 bits. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) adopted as an encryption standard advanced encryption standard (AES)
A protocol and system used to authenticate access to a network. User passwords to the network are sent over the network encrypted using the RADIUS encryption standard. remote authentication dial-in user service (RADIUS)
The name assigned to a wireless access point. service set identifier (SSID)
A network device that separates one network from another and logically and physically belongs to both networks. router
A router or other gateway device substitutes its own IP address for the IP address of computers behind the firewall that it is protecting network address translation (NAT)
Communication from outside the network is allowed past the firewall only to a specific computer and port port forwarding
An IP address manually assigned to a computer or device. It does not change automatically. static IP address
The service running on a router or other network device that automatically assigns an IP address to a computer or device when it joins the network dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP)
An IP address assigned by DHCP. dynamic IP address
A series of 1s and 0s that determine which part of an IP address identifies the local network and which part identifies the host. subnet mask
The IP address of a router that should receive all requests for communication with computers outside the local network default gateway
A device with multiple network ports for connecting devices such as computers, printers, or servers. switch
A device used to convert the signal from the ISP to Ethernet used by the router and local network Internet modem
A command used in the command prompt window to display the TCP/IP network configuration values. ipconfig
A command used in the command prompt window to send a request to another device to find out if the two devices can communicate on the network. ping
Command is used to trace the path a connection takes to reach a target host. tracert
A vendor that offers an IS provided remotely . application service provider (ASP)
A process of sending data several bits at a time through several streams simultaneously parallel communication
A process of sending data one bit at a time through a single stream serial communication
A standard for a hot swappable port. universal serial bus (USB)
A standard for a hot swappable port generally used for transferring multimedia data. Also called Firewire IEEE 1394
A standard for a hot swappable port and storage devices that use these ports are usually found on servers and are used by hard drives and optical drives. small computer system interface (SCSI)
A wireless communication protocol used to connect personal devices over short distances. Bluetooth
A device used to identify patients or medication, manage medication, track test specimens, and so on. The device reads a barcode and inputs the data into an IS. barcode scanner
A device used to scan paper documents into an electronic image or document document scanner
A device used for security and convenience that scans a card or badge to transfer data or detect identity. card or badge scanner
A device used to transfer written signatures into an electronic image. signature pad
a device with multiple network ports for connecting devices such as computers, printers, or servers switch
an example of a client server application email
The protocol used for utilities that provide a window to view the desktop of another computer is _________. RDP
The Internet protocol (IP) is used at the ________layer of the OSI model network
An IP address identifies a computer on a TCP/IP network. TCP/IP version 4 IP addresses contain _______ bits 32
A software application used to locate, retrieve and display content on the World Wide Web, including Web pages, images, video and other files. Browser
Assigned by a manufacturer, a hexadecimal number that uniquely identifies a network card – sometimes referred to as a physical address. mac address
Because of the rapid growth of the Internet and the number of devices on the Internet ____ is being replaced by ___. IPv4, IPv6
IEEE is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE’s standards for wireless local networks are defined by 802.11
Kearney County hospital is a small facility. They access the applications they need for a hospital information system (HIS) through a cloud computing service that provides the hardware, the platform, and the applications. This service also includes update Software as a Service (SaaS)
At the Megalith Data Center one physical server is able to host multiple activities such as concurrent hosting of Web server, email server, and file server activities. Which of the following terms best describes this configuration? virtualization
The primary purpose of HTML is which of the following? develop and lay out web pages
What scripting language is associated with dynamic web pages? PHP
Includes all the devices, organization, and services for large groups of computers to be linked together infrastructure
Which of the following is a service running on a network device that automatically assigns IP addresses? DHCP
The current preferred encryption standard for a wireless LAN is which of the following? WPA2
A device that separates one network from another and enables traffic to flow between them is known by which of the following names? Router
Which of the following commands is a request to another device to discover whether the two devices can communicate on the network? ping
A command used at the command prompt window to display the TCP/IP network configuration values ipconfig
A command that will the path connection takes to reach a target host and how long the wait times are for each hop, or jump from one router to the next. tracert
The contents of a hard drive, including configuration settings and applications stored so the contents can be replicated to another computer. disk image
A table of MAC addresses are used to limit traffic on a network. Messages with MAC addresses not listed in the table are not allowed on the network. firewall
A digital networking communications method that groups all transmitted data into suitably sized blocks packet switching
Designed for sensitive medical equipment -- generally orange in color. Hospital-grade outlet
Connected to the emergency generator in case of an outage – will lose power for only a few seconds – generally red in color. Emergency generator outlet
Will lose power completely if the power fails in a facility – generally white, ivory, or brown. Regular outlet
The application is installed on the client computer. thick client
Application is accessed by a computer but not installed on a computer. thin client
Installed on a server that allows multiple clients to simultaneously log in to access. terminal services
backs up new and changed files and does not mark the files as having been backed up. differential backup
backs up the files that have been created or changed since the last incremental backup and marks the files as having been backed up. incremental backup
The three goals of encryption are: confidential, fast, not waste space
a procedure whereby, on request by one physician, another physician reviews a patient's medical history, examines the patient, and makes recommendations as to care and treatment Consultation
the transfer of care for a patient from one clinician to another. referral
What does the Provider Type field in the HL7 standards indicate? Major grouping of the service or occupation of the practitioner
Which of the following is the default port for Telnet? Port 23
used for the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) control channel. Port 21
used for Secure Shell (SSH) remote connection. Port 22
used by the Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP). Port 25
Which of these technologies would be the best for user authentication to access the server room? Biometrics
In what format are most operating systems passwords stored? hash
Which type of backup program resets the file archive bit each time it runs? (Choose two.) incremental, full
Which of these is a common application-layer protocol used in VoIP communications and signaling protocol for controlling voice and video calls over the Internet.? Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
provides cryptographic privacy and authentication for data communications Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)
A service desk caller complains she cannot connect to web sites. After the service-desk technician instructs the caller to type a web server's IP address instead of the web site's URL, the web site appears on the caller's workstation. What service is most DNS
service issues an IP address to a workstation when it boots up Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) service
used to test for host connectivity. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
used by IP hosts to manage their dynamic multicast group membership Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
You are a network administrator who needs to configure a Windows workstation to connect to the LAN and Internet web sites. Which of the following parameters would you need to configure on the workstation's NIC? (Choose three.) IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
What type of lock uses buttons that must be pushed in the correct sequence to open a door? Cipher
What is the U.S. government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves? The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
A software contractor for your healthcare organization has requested temporary access through your firewall to upload data via an SSH/SFTP connection. What TCP port needs to be opened? TCP port 22
What LAN infrastructure device is used for workstation connectivity in a modern star topology architecture? Switches
used in early LAN star topology architecture but created a single collision domain for all attached workstations A hub
used for layer 3 (Network) connectivity Routers
connect separate network segments at layer 2 of the OSI model bridges
You work as a network administrator for a small hospital LAN. A new workstation needs to be configured to receive TCP/IP address information each time it boots. Which service must be running to accomplish this? (DHCP) Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
What is the minimum HITECH Act penalty for a "violation resulted from reasonable cause?" T the minimum penalty is $1,000 per violation.
A user reports that after running the ipconfig command, her workstation's IP address is What service has failed? DHCP
Your service desk receives a call from a user who has no network access. You instruct her to look at the LED on the network interface card (NIC) to determine whether it is illuminated. She informs you that the LED is dark. What does this indicate? indicates no connection to the ethernet switch
As a network administrator of a healthcare organization, what is the most important process involved with data backup operations? Verifying data integrity by testing the data restore function
In the medical office workflow model, which of these describe the recording of vital personal information such as health data? Registration
Secure access to web sites uses the HTTPS protocol. What security protocol is used by HTTP to achieve this? Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
As a network administrator of a healthcare facility, you are required to authorize access to PHI based on employee roles. One group of clerical staff members must access PHI to answer patient billing information. Which of these file-level permissions shou Read
Which of the following refers to a conversation between physician and patient that describes the medical procedure being performed, the reason the procedure is being performed, and the benefits and risks of the procedure being performed? Informed consent
You are responsible for reviewing delinquent medical records at your healthcare facility. What is the minimum time frame requirement of the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Health Organizations for performing this task? Once each 90 days
What HIPAA concept has these components: focuses on electronically capturing health information in a coded format, using that information to track key clinical conditions, communicating that information for care coordination purposes, and initiating the Meaningful use
Which of the following is an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)-accredited Standards Developing Organization (SDO) operating in the healthcare arena that develops standards for clinical and administrative data? HL7
The HIPAA document "Security Standards for the Protection of Electronic Protected Health Information" requires documents to be retained for how long? Six years
Which of these is a medical classification list for the coding of diseases, signs and symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or diseases, as maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO)? ICD10
Which of these is the branch of medicine that deals with tumors, including the study of their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention? Oncology
What best practice for handling PHI in the workplace covers disabling a computer workstation when it is left unattended? Time lockout
A hypervisor is used in which of these computing models? Virtualization
Flash drives use which of the following interfaces? USB
A new wireless network has been installed at your healthcare facility. What is a best practice for the wireless network SSID? Changing it from the manufacturer's default
used to manage data stored in a relational database? SQL
In what mode are mobile workstations using the 802.11n protocol configured to connect to wireless access points? Infrastructure
What type of healthcare is associated with terminally ill patients? Hospice care
You work as a network administrator for a small hospital LAN. A new workstation needs to be configured to receive TCP/IP address information each time it boots. Which service must be running to accomplish this? DHCP
In a healthcare organization, what type of secure access is used by staff members to access PHI via the Internet? VPN
What is the name of data stored to assist in storing and retrieving a scanned document? Metadata
What are medical interventions designed to treat seriously ill patients used in hospitals, emergency departments, assisted-care facilities, or other medically staffed specialized settings called? High acuity
What medical alert is generally used to indicate a patient requiring resuscitation or otherwise in need of immediate medical attention, most often as the result of a respiratory arrest or cardiac arrest? Code Blue
Your medical facility suspects that a patient is involved in the theft of drugs from its drug cabinet. The police have arrived and are asking for information about this patient (e.g., patient name, status). What PHI can be released? Pertinent PHI information, without authorization, if the information is used as evidence
Which of these is a network of storage devices, used by high-usage file servers, that are not accessible through the LAN by other devices. SAN
Which allied health profession deals in the process of converting voice-recorded reports, as dictated by physicians or other healthcare professionals, into text format? Medical transcription
In your current position, you are responsible for patient records. Which of the following is the process of making a patient's medical chart easier to handle after it has become too unwieldy during an extended hospital stay? Thinning
a requirement of only Level I trauma centers? Program of research
What is the healthcare profession that provides, under qualified supervision, diagnostic evaluation, therapy, monitoring, and rehabilitation of patients with cardiopulmonary disorders? Respiratory therapy
The HIPAA Security Rule lays out three types of security safeguards required for compliance. (Choose three.) Physical, Technical, Administrative
Which one of these is a physician/medical doctor who provides both the first contact for a person with an undiagnosed health concern as well as continuing care of varied medical conditions, not limited by cause, organ system, or diagnosis? PCP
A database file containing patient ePHI must be transmitted over the Internet to an outside medical facility. Which communications protocol should you choose? SFTP
What is the U.S. government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves? Department of Health and Human Services
When configuring a wireless access point (WAP), which of these would be considered security settings? WPA
The Web of Trust is associated with which of these technologies? PGP
Which type of healthcare provides therapy based on engaging in meaningful activities of daily life, especially to enable or encourage participation in such activities in spite of impairments or limitations in physical or mental functions? Occupational therapy
Which of these technologies would be the best for user authentication to access the server room? Biometrics
Which of these do not meet the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules requirements for "covered entities" when disposing of paper records containing protected health information? Redacting
Which diagnostic imaging technology uses a piezoelectric transducer? Sonography
Which type of healthcare facility would perform a surgical procedure that does not require an overnight stay? Ambulatory care
You are eating in the cafeteria with several nursing staff discussing the care of a patient. The patient's name is used in the conversation; which piece of legislation has been violated? HIPAA
What U.S. government organization oversees the following: the administrative simplification standards from the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, quality standards in long-term care facilities (more commonly referred to CMS
describes a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document? Digital signature
You are an IT specialist working for a transcription company that transcribes medical notes into electronic charts for medical practices. HIPAA applies to you because you are considered which of the following? Business associate
What type of lock uses buttons that must be pushed in the correct sequence to open a door? Cipher
In the medical office workflow model, which of these describe the recording of vital personal information such as health data? Registration
Which of these models is not used in cloud computing? HaaS
What type of test equipment would you use to troubleshoot Category 5 UTP network cable problems? Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR)
An application that is accessed via an SSH protocol connection is considered to be which of the following? Terminal/remote access
Secure access to web sites uses the HTTPS protocol. What security protocol is used by HTTP to achieve this? Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
Which imaging technology provides good contrast between the different soft tissues of the body but does not use ionizing radiation? Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
What does Title I of HIPAA protect for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs? Health insurance coverage
You are an office manager at a long-term care facility that provides medical services for chronically ill patients. You are responsible for ensuring that patient history and physical examination information for your patients are dictated and transcribed 30 days
Your service desk receives a call from a user who has no network access. You instruct her to look at the LED on the network interface card (NIC) to determine whether it is illuminated. She informs you that the LED is dark. What does this indicate? indicates no connection to the Ethernet switch
What is the procedure called for granting emergency access to critical ePHI systems? Break the glass
As a network administrator of a healthcare organization, what is the most important process involved with data backup operations? Verifying data integrity by testing the data restore function
Created by: Wynston