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Med. Term. Ch 1

Basic Word Structure

Aden/o Gland
Arthr/o Joint
Bi/o Life
Carcin/o Cancerous, Cancer
Cardi/o Heart
Cephal/o Head
Cerebr/o Cerebum
Cis/o To cut
Crin/o To Secrete
Cyst/o Urinary Bladder
Cyt/o Cell
Derm/o Skin
Dermat/o Skin
Electr/o Electricity
Encephal/o Brain
Enter/o Intestines (small)
Erythr/o Red
Gastr/o Stomach
Gnos/o Knowledge
Gynec/o Women
Hemat/o Blood
Hem/o Blood
Hepat/o Liver
Iatr/o Treatment/Physician
Leuk/o White
Nephr/o Kidney
Neur/o Nerve
Onc/o Tumor
Ophthalm/o Eye
Oste/o Bone
Path/o Disease
Ped/o Child
Psych/o Mind
Radi/o X Rays
Ren/o Kidneys
Rhin/o Nose
Sarc/o Flesh
Sect/o To cut
Thromb/o Clot, Clotting
Ur/o Urinary Tract
-ac Pertaining to
-al Pertaining to
-algia Pain
-cyte Cell
-ectomy Removal
-emia Blood condition
-genic Pertaining to producing
-gram Record
-ic, -ical Pertaining to
-ion Process
-ist Specialist
-itis Inflammation
-logy To study
-oma Swelling
-opsy Process of Viewing
-osis Abnormal Condition
-pathy Disease Condition
-scope Instrument to visually examine
-scopy Process of visually examining
-sis State of, condition
-tomy Process of cutting, incision
-y Process, Condition
A-, An- No, not, without
Auto- Self, own
Dia- Through, Complete
Endo- Within
Epi- Above, upon
Ex- Out, outside of, outward
Exo- Outward
Hyper- Excessive, above, more than
Hypo- Deficient, below, under, less than normal
In- Into, in
Peri Around, surrounding
Pro- Before, forward
Re- Back, backward, again
Retro- Behind
Sub- Below, Under
Trans- Across, through
Created by: Bgarcia4736