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Geography

Factors that Affect Climate

FactorReason
1. Latitiude closer to the equator influences how warm it is. Closer to one of the poles (north or south) influences how cold it is.
2. Ocean Currents Canada is affected by 3 currents. (Alaska, Labrador and the gulf of mexico) These currents bring warming or cooling effects in predictable patterns. EX icebergs
3. Wind and Air masses The weight of the air is called pressure. When pockets of different air pressure meet wind is created
4. Elevation air cools in temperature and rises in height. Eventually it releases moisture if cold enough. The rate of cooling is 1 degree drop per every 100m you go higher
5. Relief (height of land) Different sides of a mountain get different forms of weather
6. Nearness to water Large bodies of water (like oceans and lakes) influence climate. Keeps our winters milder and summers cooler.