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Chapter 12

Temperature The balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body
Average Oral Temperature 98.6
Average Rectal Temperature 99.6
Average Axillary/Groin Temperature 97.6
Normal Range of Temperature for Oral 97.6-99.6
Normal Range Of Temperature for Rectal 98.6-100.6
Normal Range Of Temperature for Axillary/Groin 96.6-98.6
Oral Temperature taken in the mouth with a clinical thermometer for 3-5 minutes
Rectal Temperature taken in the rectum with a clinical thermometer for 3-5 minutes
Axillary Temperature taken in the armpit with a clinical thermometer for 10 minutes
Groin Temperature taken in the groin with a clinical thermometer for 10 minutes
Temporal Temperature scanning thermometer is passed in a straight line across the forehead. Measures temperature in the temporal artery
Normal Range of Temperature for Temporal 98.6-100.6
Average Temporal Temperature 99.6
Aural Temperature Average No average
Aural Temperature Range No range
Aural Temperature Taken in the ear or auditory canal in less than two seconds
Most accurate thermometer Temporal
Causes of increased body temperature illness, exercise, excitement, and the temperature outside
Causes of decreased body temperature starvation, fasting, sleep, decreased muscle activity, mouth breathing, exposure to cold temperatures in the environment, and certain diseases
What can alter the temperature in the mouth if done less than 15 before oral temperature is taken Eating, drinking, and smoking
Hypothermia Body temperature less than 95
Causes of hypothermia Prolonged exposure to the cold
If body temperature drops below 93 what happens Death occurs
Fever An elevated body temperature above 101
Causes of fever Infection or injury
Another term for fever Pyrexia
Febrile Fever is present
Afebrile Fever is not present or temperature is within normal range
Hyperthermia Body temperature exceeds 104
Causes of hyperthermia Prolonged exposure to hit temperatures, brain damage, and serious infections
What happens if body temperature exceeds 106 convulsions, brain damage, and even death
Clinical Thermometer consists of a slender glass tube containing Mercury or alcohol with red dye, which expands when exposed to heat
Types of clinical thermometers glass oral, security oral, and a rectal
What may be placed on the thermometer when used on a patient Disposable cover
Electronic Thermometer registers the temperature on a viewer in a few seconds
Typhanic Thermometer specialized electronic thermometers that record oral temperature ps in the ear
Created by: astiles