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Temperature The balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body
Homeostasis Ideal health state in the human body
Oral temperatures Taken in the mouth; most common method of taking a temperature
How long should you wait after eating or drinking to take oral temperature? At least 15 minutes
Average oral temperature 98.6*F
Normal range of oral temperature 97.6-99.6*F
Average rectal temperature 99.6*F
Normal range of rectal temperature 98.6-100.6*F
Average axillary or groin temperature 97.6*F
Normal range of axillary or groin temperature 96.6-98.6*F
Rectal temperatures Taken in the rectum; most accurate method of taking a temperature
Axillary temperatures Taken in the armpit; less accurate
Groin temperatures Taken between two folds of skin formed by inner part of the thigh and the lower abdomen; less accurate
Aural temperatures Taken with special thermometer in the ear
Temporal temperatures Taken with scanning thermometer across forehead
Causes of INCREASED body temperature Illness, infection, exercise, excitement, & high temperatures in the environment
Causes of DECREASED body temperature Starvation or fasting, sleep, decreased muscle activity, mouth breathing, exposure to cold temperatures in the environment, & certain diseases
Hypothermia Low body temperature, under 95*F
Fever An elevated body temperature, above 101*F
Pyrexia Another term for fever
Febrile Fever is present
Afebrile No fever is present; temperature is in normal range
Hyperthermia Condition that occurs when body temperature exceeds 104*F
Created by: LuttmannHannahC