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Define temperature The balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body.
Define homeostasis A constant state of fluid balance; ideal health state in the body.
Reasons for variation of body temperature -individual differences -time of day -body site
Average oral temperature 98.6 F
Average rectal temperature 99.6 F
Average axilllary/groin temperature 97.6 F
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for oral temps? 3-5 minutes
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for rectal temps? 3-5 minutes
How long are clinical thermometers held in place for axillary or groin temps? 10 minutes
How long should patients not eat, smoke or drink prior to taking a oral temp? 15 minutes
Where are temps usually taken on infants? Rectal
Taken with a special thermometer that is placed in the ear or auditory canal? Aural temperature
Newer way to take temps by passing thermometer in a straight line across the forehead, range is _______ Temporal temperature 98.6-100.6 F
What are causes of increased body temperature? illness, infection, exercise, excitement, high temps in the environment
What are causes of decreased body temperatures? starvation or fasting, decreased muscle activity, sleep, mouth breathing, exposure to cold temperatures in the environment, and certain diseases
Hypothermia low body temperature under 95 F
Hyperthermia high body temperature above 104 F
Fever elevated body temperature that exceeds 101 F
Pyrexia another term for fever
Febrile fever is present
Afebrile no fever is present, body is in normal range
Groin temperatures taken between two folds of skin formed by inner part of the thigh and the lower abdomen
Axillary tmperateure taken in the armpit
Rectal temperature taken in the rectum
Why does OSHA recommend to not use mercury thermometers? To avoid chance of mercury contamination
Normal range of oral temperature 97.6-99.6 F
Normal range of rectal temperature 98.6-100.6 F
Normal range of axillary/groin temperature 96.6-98.6 F
Do you use gloves when taking someone's temperature? Yes
When should you wash hands? Before and after taking someone's temperature
Why do you need to use cold water to rinse off a thermometer? To prevent breakage and avoid destroying the mercury column
Why do you need to cover a thermometer with a plastic sheath? To prevent the thermometer from coming in contact with the patient's mouth and skin/ prevent transmission of germs
When should the plastic sheath covering the thermometer be discarded? After the temperature is taken
3 things heat are lost to -perspirsation -respiration -excretiom
How is heat produced? metabolism of food, and muscle and gland activity
What time of day is your body temperature gonna be higher? Evening, after muscular activity and intake of food has taken place
If body temperature drops below 93 F, _______ occurs. Death
If body temperature exceeds __ F, ____, ____, and even death can occur. 106, brain damage, and convulsions
What are causes of hypothermia? Prolonged exposure to the cold
What are causes of hyperthermia? Exposure to high temperatures, brain damage, and serious infections
Created by: zwinni