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13,000 B.C.E. Human migration to North America from Siberia
8000–7000 B.C.E Origins of agriculture in Mesoamerica
4000 B.C.E. Origins of maize cultivation in Mesoamerica
3000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in South America
1200–100 B.C.E. Olmec society
1000–300 B.C.E. Chavín cult
200 B.C.E.–750 C.E. Teotihuacan society
300–1100 C.E. Maya society
300–700 C.E. Mochica society
60,000 B.C.E. Human migration to Australia and New Guinea 3000 B.C.E.
3000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
3000 B.C.E. Austronesian migrations to New Guinea
1500–500 B.C.E. Lapita society
1500 B.C.E.–700 C.E. Austronesian migrations to Pacific islands
Early societies of Mesoamerica politics ikal was the most important Maya political center, 300 to 900 C.E. Maya warfare: warriors had prestige; captives were slaves or victims Chichén Itzá, power by the ninth century; loose empire in Yucatan Maya decline began in 800 C.E.;
Early societies of Mesoamerica interactions with environment As hunting became difficult, agriculture began (7500 B.C.E.) Early agriculture: beans, squashes, chilies; later, maize became the staple (5000 B.C.E.) Agricultural villages appeared after 3000 B.C.E. No large domesticated animals, no wheeled vehicles
Early societies of Mesoamerica religion Popol Vuh, a Maya creation myth, taught that gods created humans out of maize and water Gods maintained agricultural cycles in exchange for honors and sacrifices Bloodletting rituals honored gods for rains
Early societies of Mesoamerica art and architecture Colossal pyramids of sun and moon High point between 400 and 600 C.E.; two hundred thousand inhabitants Paintings and murals reflect the importance of priests
Early societies of Mesoamerica technology The Maya ball game: sporting, gambling, and religious significance Heirs of the Olmecs: Teotihuacan
Early societies of Mesoamerica economy didn't show
Early societies of Mesoamerica society Kings, priests, and hereditary nobility at the top Merchants were from the ruling class; they served also as ambassadors Professional architects and artisans were important Peasants and slaves were majority of population
Early societies of South America politics military
Early societies of South America interactions with environment By 8000 B.C.E. they began to experiment with agriculture and Main crops: beans, peanuts, sweet potatoes, cotton Fishing supplemented agricultural harvests
Early societies of South America art and architecture By 1800 B.C.E. the people produced pottery, built temples and pyramids The Chavín Cult, from about 900 to 300 B.C.E.
Early societies of South America technology agriculture
Early societies of South America economy Irrigation, trade, military, no writing
Early societies of South America society Andean society increases during Chavín Devised techniques of producing cotton textiles and fishing nets Discovered gold, silver, and copper metallurgy Cities began to appear shortly after Chavín cult Early Andeans did not make use of writing
Early societies of South America religion no signs of religion
Early societies of Oceania politics By the mid-centuries of the first millennium C.E., human communities in all habitable islands of the Pacific Ocean
Early societies of Oceania interactions with environment Australia: hunting and gathering until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries C.E. and Early agriculture in New Guinea: root crops and herding animals,Agriculture and domesticated animals
Early societies of Oceania religion Divine or semi divine chiefs: led public rituals, oversaw irrigation
Early societies of Oceania art and architecture Pottery with geometric designs and trade works of trade/communication: pottery, obsidian, shells, tools traded
Early societies of Oceania technology Outrigger canoes enabled them to sail safely
Early societies of Oceania economy trade network declined; cultures developed independently
Early societies of Oceania society Outrigger canoes enabled them to sail safely
Created by: azerette2019