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Chapter 6 Stacks

When did human migrations to the Americas and Oceania take place? after humans established the eastern part of the world
What did coastal people of southeast asia do around 3000 BCE? they built large sailing canoes and stablished human life on the islands of the pacific ocean
since when had humans establish life in almost all habitable areas? by 700 CE
By 8000 to 7000 BCE, the people of Mesoamerica began to experiment with the cultivation of what ? of beans, chili peppers, avocados, squashes, and gourds
WhatnMesoamericans domesticate? turkeys and small barkless dogs that they ate.
What did human laborers and human porters do? laborers prepared the fields for cultivation and porters carried trade goods back and forth because they couldn't domesticate animals to do that.
What arose alongside agricultural villages? ceremonial centers with monumental pyramids, temles, and palacea arose along the villages
Why did people visit these ceremonial centers? for ceremonies or markets
Who started the firs complex societies in the Americas? the Olmecs
What does olmec mean? the Rubber people
Olmec cultural traditions influenced all other mesoamerican complex societies until what? until the arrival of the Europeans in the 1600's
Why didn't the Olmec people build irrigation systems? since they're was heavy rainfall they built elaborate drainage systems to prevent flooding
Why did the common subject regularly labor for the elite class? to building elaborate drainage systems, and alters, but also improving the artistic decoration of the capitals.
From what central and souther regions did Olmec influence extend to? of Modern Mexico and beyond that into Guatemala and El Salvador
How was Olmec influence spread? by military force
Since when had the Olmec society fallen? by 400 BCE
What did Mayan cultivators raise? cacao, corn, and cotton
Why did Mayan kingdoms fight against each other constantly? It was not to kill enemies, but to capture them in hand-to-hand combat on the battlefield
What happened to the captives? Most captives became sacrifices to the gods or died as slaves
Which Mayan society was the only one that continued to flourish by 800 CE? Chichen Itza
Created by: carlosm3202