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The Holocaust

Revision of Key terms and dates

Eugenics the belief in improving a human population, especially by controlling who is or is not allowed to have children; it seeks to prevent people with genetic defects or undesirable traits from reproducing.
Anti-Semitic term describing hostility and prejudice towards Jews
Nuremberg Laws A law that created distinctions between people of pure German blood and Jewish blood. Aimed at preser
untermenschen sub-humans at the bottom of the racial hierarchy. Slavic people (Poles and Russians)were handy as slave labour.
life unworthy of life criminals, homosexuals, the mentally ill, gypsies and especially Jews
Aryan Master race superior group in the racial hieracrchy tall, with light brown or blonde hair and blue or light-coloured eyes.
Gestapo the secret police of the Nazi Party
Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service 1933 Jews were excluded from the civil service (and thus from many upper level positions in German society) on the grounds that they were ‘unreliable’.
Law on the Admission to the Legal Profession 1933 Jewish lawyers could no longer be admitted to the bar.
Law against Overcrowding in Schools and Universities 1933 Public schools and universities had to limit the numbers of non-Aryan students they would accept.
Law on Editors 1933 Jews could no longer work as editors on newspapers.
Army law 1935 The Army dismissed its Jewish officers.
The Nuremberg laws 1935 law created legal distinctions between ‘full-blooded’ Germans (Deutsche-blutige) and Jews.law created legal distinctions between ‘full-blooded’ Germans (Deutsche-blutige) and Jews
Berlin Olympics — August 1936 936 Berlin Olympic Games. To demonstrate the supremacy of the Aryan Germans. Wanted to ban black people and Jews from competing but had to back down after pressure from the international community.
1936 Jews could no longer work as vets,tax consultants or teachers
1938 Jews could not change first or last names, could no longer work as auctioneers, sell guns, change their business names,go to health spas, passports were stamped with a 'J' children were expelled from schools and could no longer work as midwives.
Late 1938 Government contracts with Jewish-owned businesses were cancelled. Decree on the Confiscation of Jewish Property, This began the process of transferring Jewish assets to non-Jewish Germans.
November 1938 Decree on the Exclusion of Jews from German Economic Life All Jewish-owned businesses were closed down as Jews were banned from owning or running a business.
Kristallnacht 9 November 1938 night of broken glass’. It was a series of Nazi-organised pogroms that, on the night of 9 November 1938 and throughout the following day, unleashed 24 hours of violence in cities throughout Germany, Austria and the Sudetenland
The ‘Final Solution’ By late 1941, Hitler had decided mass extermination of all the Jews in Nazi-controlled territory the ‘Final Solution’ to the Jewish ‘problem’. concentration camps and labour camps were converted into death camps.
ghettos 1939–45 SA and SS troops rounded up Jews, forcibly evicted them from their homes and transported them to overcrowded and unsanitary conditions in ghettos.