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9th Grade Geography

All of my 9th grade year vocabulary (Updated frequently)

TermDefinition
Autocracy Government in which one person rules with unlimited power and authority.
Birthrate The number if births per year for every 1000 people
Command Economy System of resource management in which decisions about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority.
Cultural Diffusion The spread of new knowledge and skills from one culture to another.
Culture Way of life of a small group of people who share beliefs and similar customs.
Culture hearth A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Culture Region Division of the earth based on a variety of factors, including government, social groups, economic systems, language, or religion.
Death Rate The number of deaths per year for every 1000 people
Democracy Any system of government in which leaders rule with the consent of the citizens.
Demographic Transition The model that uses birth rates and death rates to show changes in the population trends of the country or religion
Developed Country Country that has a great deal of technology and manufacturing
Developing Country County in the process of becoming industrialized
Doubling Time The number of years it takes a population to double in size
Ethnic Group Group of people who share common ancestry, religion, language, customs, or a combination of characteristics.
Federal System Form of government in which powers are divided between the national government and the state or provincial government.
Free Trade The removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely between countries.
Industrialization Transition between from an agricultural society to one based on an industry.
Language Family Group of related languages that have all developed from one earlier language.
Market Economy An economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand.
Migration The movement of people form place to place.`
Mixed Economy A system resource of management in which the government supports and regulates enterprise through decisions that affect the marketplace.
Monarchy A form of autocracy with hereditary king or queen exercising supreme power.
Natural Increase The growth rate of a population; the difference between birthrate and death rate.
Natural Resources Substance from the earth that is not made by people but can be used by them.
Newly Industrialized Country A country that has begun transitioning from primarily agricultural to primarily manufacturing and industry activity
Oligarchy System of government in which a small group hold power.
Pollution The existence of impure, unclean, or poisonous substances in the air, water, or land.
Population Density The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer.
Population Distribution The pattern of population in a country, a continent, or the world.
Traditional Economy A system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity; exists in only a few parts of the world today
Unitary System A government in which all key powers are given to the national or central government.
Judaism Judaism is the oldest of the western religions, Jews are the followers, Their Holy Book is the Torah, their Holy Day is Shabbat. Symbol is the star of David, leader is the rabbi.
Islam Founder is Muhammad, the holy book is qu'ran, the holy day is Friday. Muslim is the followers of Islam. The symbol is the crescent moon and star. Leader is Iman.
Christianity Founder is Jesus, their holy book is the bible, their holy day is Sunday. Christians are the followers, their symbol is a cross, fish, dove, etc. Their leader has many names from priest, clergy, etc.
Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Allah God in Arabic
Alluvial Soil Rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by running water.
Arid Having little or no rain; too dry or barren to support vegetation.
Diaspora The dispersion of any people from their original homeland.
Erg a sandy desert, with little or no vegetative cover.
Hajj In Islam, the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca.
Holocaust The mass killings of 6 million Jews by Germany's Nazi leaders during world war II
Intifada The Palestinian up spring against Israeli occupation of the west bank and Gaza strip, beginning in 1987
Islam Submission to the will of god
Mesopotamia An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq.
Minarets A tall slender tower, typically part of mosque, with balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer.
Monotheism Belief in one god
Muslim "one who submits" to Allah
Oasis A fertile spot in the desert where water is found.
Phonetics The system of sounds of a particular language
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area or arable land,which is land, which suitable for agriculture.
Pictograph A picture representing a word, phrase, or idea, especially one used in early writing systems.
Refugee One who flees his or her home for safety
Reg A desert pavement or Rockey desert
Wadi In the desert, a stream bed that is dry except during a heavy rain
Zionism The national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland.
Created by: KassiCole