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vocab chapter 9


Ahimsa Jain term for the principle of nonviolence to other living things or their souls.
Artha Hindu concept for the pursuit of economic well-being and honest prosperity.
Arthashastra Ancient Indian political treatise from the time of Chandragupta Maurya; its authorship was traditionally ascribed to Kautalya, and it stressed that war was inevitable.
Bactria The ancient region stretching from the Hindu Kush mountain range to the ancient Ganhara region of the Indian subcontinent.
Bhagavad-Gita "Song of the Lord," an Indian short poetic work drawn from the lengthy Mahabharata that was finished around 400 C.E. and that expressed basic Hindu concepts such as karma and dharma.
Bodhisattvas Buddhist concept regarding individuals who had reached enlightenment but who stayed in this world to help people.
Buddha The "enlightened one," the term applied to Siddhartha Gautama after his discoveries that would form the foundation of Buddhism.
Buddhism Religion, based on Four Noble Truths, associated with Siddhartha Gautama (563--483 B.C.E.), or the Buddha; its adherents desired to eliminate all distracting passion and reach nirvana.
Caste Social class system in which distinctions and restrictions on marriage, occupation, handling of food, and other matters are transferred through generations or through class. The term usually refers to the social system of India.
Four Noble Truths The foundation of Buddhist thought: (1) life is pain, (2) pain is caused by desire, (3) elimination of desire will bring an end to pain, (4) living a life based on the Noble Eightfold Path will eliminate desire.
Created by: kimberly3102