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History 9

From A Beka Academy

Middle Ages the period after the collapse of the Roman Empire; characterized by a distortion of Christianity
A.D. 500 to 1500 The time period known as the Middle Ages
Paul the apostle who had not been one of the original disciples,and to whom Christ made a special appearance
apostles the twelve men who had firsthand knowledge of Jesus and whom God sent out to preach the gospel
Old Testament the portion of Scripture which foretold Christ's coming and which Jesus used with reverence
New Testament the portion of Scripture which records Christ's first coming, life, ministry, death, and resurrection; written by apostles or men close to the apostles under divine inspiration; consists of the permanent record of the gospel and admonitions to the church
A.D. 100 the approximate year the New Testament was completed
koine the most common form of the Greek language; used for writing the New Testament
church an assembly or body of people
Gentiles non-Jews
Judaism the religion of the Jews
Jerusalem the city in which church leaders met to discuss the problem of Gentile believers and Jewish law; location of the first Christian church
Church leaders came to an agreement that Gentile believers did not have to practice all the Jewish laws of the Old Testament. What was the decision of the church leaders in Jerusalem concerning Jewish law and Gentile believers?
deacon name for a church leader which comes from the Greek word for "servant"
bishop name for a church leader which comes from the Greek term meaning "overseer" or "superintendent"
elder name for a church leader which comes from the Greek word which is also the source for the word priest
Christ the true Head of the Church, according to the Bible
apostolic authority the term which refers to the special leaders, authorized to speak and act in Jesus' name, appointed by Christ Himself
Diotrephes the church leader who loved to "have preeminence" and who put himself above God's Word
catholic the term which means "universal" or "one"; can be used to describe the great "invisible" church of all believers
Church of Rome the first single, visible, large, organized church for all Christians; soon led to dominance of one local church over the other and distortion of Christianity
Irenaeus the church leader in Gaul who said that every church must agree with the Church of Rome
apostolic succession the idea which maintains that men like Peter and Paul handed down their power and authority from one generation of bishops to the next
Petrine theory the belief that Christ made Peter the head of the Catholic church and that Peter passed this power to the first bishop of Rome, whom he appointed
Roman Catholic Church the church founded on the belief that the bishop of the Church of Rome is supreme over all churches
pope the bishop of the Church of Rome
Marsilius of Purda the man who would not blindly accept the teachings of the Roman church, but instead knew that all beliefs must be measured against the absolute truth of God's Word
Defender of the Peace the famous work of Marsilius in which he rejected unscriptural Roman doctrines with Biblical reasoning and logic
1) Arius 2) Arianism 1) a church leader in Egypt 2) the belief that Jesus was not God, but rather had been created by God the Father
Counsel of Nicaea the counsel, presided at by Constantine, that affirmed Christ's divinity in A.D. 325
Nicene Creed a statement of belief affirming Christ's divinity
Leo I "the Great" the pope who went out to meet Attila the Hun from Asia to persuade the invaders not to attack Rome
Gelasius the pope who said that, in matters relating to God, leaders of the church are supreme over all human rulers
mass a Roman Catholic service
sacrament term for "a sacred act"
Eucharist term for the Lord's Supper, from the Greek words for thanks, favor, and grace
excommunication being cut off from communication with the human rulers of the church and, therefore, being denied the sacraments; seemed to mean nothing less than loss of salvation
Christendom the portion of the world in which Christianity prevails
Created by: Mariah14