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Judiasm

about Judiasm

QuestionAnswer
Talmud written oral tradition and commentary on the Law composed of the mishnah and gemara. Attempts to relate the law to contemporary life
Tanakh the entire Hebrew Bible, consisting of the Torah or law, the prophets and sacred writings
mishnah oral
gemara commentary
Hesed Hebrew term sometimes translated as mercy or lovingkindness, relating to God and humans and their covenant relationship
Holocaust 'Burnt offering' or 'burnt sacrifice', one of the ancient sacrifices mandated in the Hebrew Bible
Shamor to observe restrictions regarding creative work during Shabbat
Shekinah the divine presence or dwellings of Yahweh
Shema the fundamental creed of Judiasm: 'Hear O Israel, the Lord our god, the Lord is one."
Teshuvah Repentance; an important focus of Rosh Hashanah
Zachor To Remember God is Creator and that God rescued Israel from Egypt as part of the Shabbat observance
Zionism movement for a return of Jews to Palestine and create a Jewish state
mikvah ritual bath often done in connection with Yom Kippur or at the time of conversion
Mila circumcision, sometimes required of converts to Judaism
Minyan the quorum of ten adult men required for a prayer service in the synagogue
Mitzvah a commandment, the rabbinic movement identified exactly 613 commandments contained within the Torah. Also, the commandments placed upon Israel of Gody and living one's life by those commands, such as kosher or food and Shabbat or Sabbath observance
Seder order, the term used for the ritual Passover supper celebrated in the home
Shabbat refers to the Sabbath and the obligations to be observed on the Sabbath. The observance of a Sabbath rest
Ark cabinet that contains the Torah scrolls in the synagogue
Masada location of Herod's former residence on the Dead Sea. Site of the AD 73 suicide death of 956 Jews who killed themselves rather than submit to the Romans
Shul Orthodox Jews call a synagogoue this
A Temple Reform Jews call the synagogue this
Temple Mount sacred mount area in Jerusalem across from the Mount of Olives on which the temples of Judaism were built- was destroyed by Romans in 70 AD
Yeshiva a traditional school for the study of the scriptures and Jewish law
Hanukkah the festival of lights celebrating the Maccabees recapture of the Temple and the micracle of the Temple light burning for eight days with one day of oil
Passover the major spring festival associated with the departure of the Israelites from Egypt under Moses' leadership recognizing God's rescue of the Jewish people
Rosh Hashanah the new year festival. the first two days of the month of Tishri
Yom Kippur the day of atonement, ten days after Rosh Hashanah. The day for solemn reflection and examination of one's conduct
Cantor the liturgical specialist who leads the musical chants in synagogue services
Mezuzah parchment scrolls attached to the doorposts of Jewish homes
Menorah the 7-branched candlestick, a Jewish symbol since ancient times, well before the widespread adoption of the 6-pointed star; the nine-branced menorah used at Hanukkah is sometimes called a hanukiah
Star of David 6-pointed star
Tallit shawl worn for prayer, usually white with blue stripes and fringers at the corners
Tefillin small black leather boxes, also termed phylacteries, containing words of scripture, tied to the forhead and forearm by leather throngs
Yad a finger like pointer for reading the Torah
Yarmulke the Yiddish word for the kippah or skullcap worn by the Orthodox Jewish males
Yiddish combo of Hebrew and German spoken by central and eastern European Jews
Created by: fishindawata on 2009-02-01



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