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Study the vocabulary for the quiz on 10/5/15

Canaan The land bridge that connected Egypt and Mesopotamia and is known as present day Lebanon and Israel.
Phoenicians The people that lived in the Northern part of Canaan.
Canaanites One of the two groups of Phoenicians. They were herders who wandered from pasture to pasture. They came from the desert south and east of Canaan.
Philistines One of the two groups of Phoenicians. They were traders and ship builders. They came from the Eastern Mediterranean from Greece.
Treaties Agreements between states in which promised to supply free shipments of goods in exchange for Phoenician independence.
Tyre The largest of the Phoenician city states. A famous cloth dying center.
Byblos An independent city state named for the large amount of of papyrus exported.
Beirut A Phoenician city-state that later became the capital of Lebanon.
Holy of the Holies A most sacred chamber in the temple where the image of sacred stone of the god was kept.
Urns Clay ornamental vases where buried their dead.
Colonies Permanent settlements the Phoenicians set up on the coast of Africa.
Carthage A settlement of the Phoenicians founded by Dido and her followers. It was located on the coast of Africa. It became a Mediterranean power, a great trading city.
The Phoenician alphabet The greatest contribution of the Phoenician civilization. Established to make trade transactions easier to record. Spread to other civilizations because of Phoenician contact through trading. Most western alphabets are based upon the Phoenician alphabet.
Created by: 17jscognamiglio