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Vital Signs

DCCC Clinicals

What is the normal oral Temperature for an Adult? 98.6 F 37.0 C
What is the normal rectal or Tympanic temperature for an adult? 99.5 F 37.5 C
What is the normal axially temperature for an adult? 97.6 F 36.5 C
What is the normal Forehead or temporal temperature for an adult? 94.0 F 34.4 C
What is the newborn axially range for temperature? 97.7 F - 98.6 C
What is the normal newborn rectal temperature range? 97.8 F - 99.0 F
What is pyrexia? An elevated temperature or fever.
What is Hyperpyrexia? A fever 105.8 F or greater.
What is an antipyretic? A fever reducing drug. Such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
What is hypothermia? A temperature of 96.0 F or below. Can be used as a form of therapy.
How does body temperature compare from infancy to adulthood? Younger children have a higher temperature than adults and infants. Infants have a lower normal temperature range than both adults and young children.
What maintains body temperature? The hypothalamus in the central nervous system. Circadian rhythm causes human body temperature to be highest in the afternoon.
What is an adults normal pulse rate? 60 - 100 beats per minute.
What is Tachycardia? A heart rate of 101 -180 beats per minute
How is the apical rate measured? Stethoscope is placed on the skin at the left mid-clavicular line on the 5th intercostular space.
What are some things that can increase pulse rate? Pain, emotions, activity/exercise, low oxygen saturation, excessive heat or cold, low blood pressure, elevated temperature, certain disease processes
When taking a pulse, what are you measuring? Cardiac output.
What is the normal respiration rate of an adult? 12-20 breathes per minute.
What is the normal respiration rate of infants or small children? 30-60 breaths per minute?
What is Eupnea? Having a normal respiration rate.
What is apnea? Periods when there is no breathing.
What is Dyspnea? Difficult or labored breathing.
What is orthopnea? Having difficulty breathing while laying flat.
What is tachypnea? Having an increased respiratory rate.
What is bradypnea? Having a decreased respiratory rate.
What is Kussmaul's associated with? It is a deep, gasping respiration that is associated with diabetic ketoacidosis.
Cheyne-Stokes are what kind of breathing pattern? A patterend breathing with periods of apnea. Usually occurring right before death.
What does the systolic pressure measure? The blood pressure when the heart is contracting, or emptying. It is specifically the maximum arterial pressure during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. The top number of blood pressure measurement
What does the diastolic pressure measure? The blood pressure number on the bottom number indicates the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats, or refiling. The bottom number of blood pressure measurement.
What is hypertension? BP above normal for a sustained period of time.
What is Hypotension? Blood Pressure below normal for a sustained period of time.
What is orthostatic hypotension? Low blood pressure causing weakness or fainting when rising to a standing position.
What is a Sphygmomanometer used for? It is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and a mercury or mechanical manometer to measure the pressure.
Created by: mamajewels