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GI System- Reverse Definitons

ulcer a lesion of the skin or mucous membrane which frequently develops in the duodenum or stomach
occult blood a test in which stool samples are collected to determine gastrointestinal bleeding
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
hernia abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through the structures that normally contain it
deglutition act of swallowing
gallbladder an organ below the liver which stores and empties bile through its ducts into small intestines
pancreas an organ which uses ducts to provide exocrine secretions to the duodenum to aid in digestion
regurgitation backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach
mastication chewing
fecalith fecal concretion
cecum first 2-3" of the large intestine
ascending colon first portion of the colon, extending from the lower border of the liver
cholelithiasis formation of gallstones
flatus gas in the GI tract
ulerative colitis inflammation and uleration of the innermost lining of the colon
diverticulitis inflammation of a sac like bulge that may develop in the wall of the large intestine
stomatis inflammation of the mouth of the stomach
anorexia lack or loss of appetite
rectum last portion of the GI tract
ileum lower division of the small intestine
serum bilirubin measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood
halitosis offensive, or bad breath
proctologist one who specializes in diseases of the colon, rectum and anus
melena passage of dark coloured, tarry stools due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
steatorrhea passage of fat in large amounts in the feces
celiac pertaining to the abdomen
buccal pertaining to the cheek
lithotripsy procedure for crushing a stone
eructation producing gas from stomach
peristalsis progressive, wavelike movement
barium swallow radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine
barium enema radiographic exam of rectum and colon
cholecystogram radiographic record of gallbladder
borborygums rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance
cirrhosis scarring and dysfunction of the liver
jejunum second division of the small intestine
transverse colon second portion of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen toward the spleen
olostipation severe constipation
pyloric stenoisis structure or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
enterostomy surgical formation of an opening from the small intestine through the abdominal wall
ileostomy surgical formation of an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
cheiloplasty surgical repair of the lip
aerophagia swallowing air
liver the largest glandular organ
diarrhea the passage of unformed watery bowel movements
ingest to eat
hematemesis vomiting of blood
malabsorption when nutrients are digested but are not taken in by the intestinal tissues
leukoplakia white patches that form on the tongue, lips, or cheek
Created by: nwinter