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MedTerm 10

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 10 words activity

Acrophobia An excessive fear of heights.
Alzheimer’s disease A group of disorders associated with degenerative brain changes that lead to symptoms including progressive memory loss, impaired cognition, and personality changes.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis A degenerative disease of the motor nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord in which patients become progressively weaker until they are completely paralyzed, also known as Lou Gherig's disease.
Anesthetic The medication used to induce anesthesia.
Anesthetist A medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia, but is not a physician.
anxiety disorders Mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation.
Autism A group of conditions in which a young child has significant developmental delays, minimal verbal skills, and lacks normal social relationships.
Bell’s palsy The temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only of the affected side of the face.
carotid ultrasonography An ultrasound study of the carotid artery.
Causalgia Persistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve.
cerebral contusion The bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce against the rigid bone of the skull.
cerebral palsy A condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects, and other neurologic deficiencies due to damage that affects the cerebrum.
cerebrovascular accident Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted by a blockage of the blood supply; also known as a stroke.
cervical radiculopathy Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region.
Claustrophobia An abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed spaces.
Cognition The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
Coma A deep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech.
Concussion A violent shaking up or jarring of the brain.
cranial hematoma A collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain.
Delirium An acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations.
delirium tremens A disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol.
Delusion A false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary.
Dementia A slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes.
dura mater The thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges.
Dyslexia A learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols.
Echoencephalography The use of ultrasound imaging to create a detailed visual image of the brain for diagnostic purposes.
Electroencephalography The process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp.
Encephalitis An inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies.
epidural anesthesia Regional anesthesia produced by injecting medication into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine.
Epilepsy A chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity.
factitious disorder A condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick.
Guillain-Barré syndrome An inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that can lead to temporary paralysis.
Hallucination A sensory perception experienced in the absence of an external stimulation.
hemorrhagic stroke Occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks.
Hydrocephalus A condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain.
Hyperesthesia A condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli.
Hypochondriasis Characterized by fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance.
ischemic stroke Occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked by the narrowing or blockage of a carotid artery.
Lethargy A lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy.
Meningitis An inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord.
Meningocele The congenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column.
migraine headache Characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head.
multiple sclerosis A progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes demyelination of the myelin sheath.
Myelitis An inflammation of the spinal cord.
Myelography A radiographic study of the spinal cord after the injection of a contrast medium through a lumbar puncture.
Narcolepsy A sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day.
Neurotransmitters Chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor.
obsessive-compulsive disorder An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts or impulses and/or recurrent unwanted impulses to act.
panic attack An unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as shortness of breath and dizziness.
Paresthesia A burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet, but can also occur in other parts of the body.
Parkinson’s disease A chronic, degenerative central nervous disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, and a slow or shuffling gait.
peripheral neuropathy A disorder of the peripheral nerves that carry information to and from the brain and spinal cord.
post-traumatic stress disorder The development of characteristic symptoms after a traumatic event during which the patient felt intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
Reye’s syndrome A potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting and confusion.
Schizophrenia A psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations.
Sciatica Inflammation of the sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning, and tingling along the course of the affected sciatic nerve through the thigh, leg, and foot.
Seizure A sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain that affects how a person feels or acts for a short time.
shaken baby syndrome The results of a child being violently shaken by someone. This action can cause brain injury, blindness, fractures, seizures, paralysis, and death.
Syncope The brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain; also known as fainting.
trigeminal neuralgia Characterized by severe lightning-like pain due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve.
Created by: jillcyr