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MedTerm 7

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 7 words activity

Alveoli The very small grape-like clusters found at the end of each bronchiole; also known as air sacs
Anoxia The absence of oxygen from the body’s tissues and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood.
Antitussive Administered to prevent or relieve coughing; commonly known as cough medicine.
Aphonia The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds.
Asbestosis Caused by asbestos particles in the lungs and usually occurs after working with asbestos.
Asphyxia The loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function.
Asthma A chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, often triggered by an allergic reaction that is characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing.
Atelectasis The incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or pneumothorax.
Bradypnea An abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute.
Bronchodilator A medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs.
Bronchorrhea An excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.
Bronchoscopy The visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.
Bronchospasm A contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles, tightening and squeezing the airway shut.
Cheyne-Stokes respiration An irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration or apnea.
Croup an acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords resulting in a barking cough and stridor.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
cystic fibrosis A life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.
Diphtheria An acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
Dysphonia Difficulty in speaking that may include any impairment in vocal quality including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy’s voice during puberty.
Dyspnea Difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath.
Emphysema The progressive, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking.
Empyema Refers to a collection of pus in a body cavity.
endotracheal intubation The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway, especially when a patient is on a respirator.
Epistaxis Bleeding from the nose that may be caused by dry air, an injury, medication to prevent blood clotting, or high blood pressure; also known as a nosebleed.
Hemoptysis The expectoration of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
Hemothorax A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
Hypercapnia The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Hyperpnea Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest.
Hypopnea Shallow or slow respiration
Hypoxemia The condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood, usually due to respiratory disorders or heart conditions.
Hypoxia The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body’s tissues and organs.
Laryngectomy The surgical removal of the larynx.
Laryngitis An inflammation of the larynx.
Laryngoscopy The visual examination of the larynx and vocal cords using a flexible or rigid laryngoscope inserted through the mouth.
Laryngospasm The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx.
Mediastinum The middle section of the chest cavity, and is located between the lungs.
Nebulizer An electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouth piece.
Otolaryngologist A physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and neck.
Pertussis A contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract; also known as whooping cough.
Pharyngitis An inflammation of the pharynx; also known as a sore throat.
Phlegm Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages.
Pleurisy An inflammation of the pleura, the membranes that cover the lungs and line the pleural cavity.
Pleurodynia A sharp pain that occurs when the inflamed membranes rub against each other with each inhalation.
Pneumoconiosis Any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupational contact.
Pneumonectomy The surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
Pneumonia A serious inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other liquid.
Pneumothorax The accumulation of air in the pleural space resulting in a pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse.
Polysomnography Measures physiological activity during sleep and is often performed to detect nocturnal defects in breathing associated with sleep apnea; also known as a sleep study.
Pulmonologist A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the respiratory system.
pulse oximeter An external monitor placed on the patient’s fingertip or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.
Pyothorax The presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane.
Sinusitis An inflammation of the sinuses.
sleep apnea A potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep for long-enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels.
Spirometer A recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath.
Tachypnea An abnormally rapid rate of respiration usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.
Thoracentesis The surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity.
Thoracotomy A surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment.
Tracheostomy The surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea in order to insert a temporary or permanent tube to facilitate breathing.
Tracheotomy An emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage.
Tuberculosis An infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, usually attacks the lungs; however, it may also affect other parts of the body.
Created by: jillcyr