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MedTerm 3

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 3 words activity

Acetabulum The large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint, also known as the hip socket.
Allogenic Originating within another.
ankylosing spondylitis A form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae.
Arthrodesis The surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder.
Arthrolysis The surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint.
Arthroscopy The visual examination of the internal structure of a joint.
Autologous Originating within an individual.
Chondroma A slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells.
Chondromalacia The abnormal softening of cartilage.
comminuted fracture One in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
compression fracture A broken bone that occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself.
Costochondritis An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.
craniostenosis A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
Crepitation The grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together.
dual x-ray absorptiometry Low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density.
fibrous dysplasia A bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scarlike) tissue.
hallux valgus An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe, also known as a bunion.
Hemarthrosis Blood within a joint.
Hemopoietic Pertaining to the formation of blood cells.
internal fixation A fracture treatment in which a plate or pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place.
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis An autoimmune disorder that affects children ages 16 years or less with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue.
Kyphosis An abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side.
Laminectomy The surgical removal of a lamina or posterior portion of a vertebra.
Lordosis An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine.
Lumbago Pain of the lumbar region of the spine, also known as low back pain.
Malleolus A rounded bony projection on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint.
Manubrium The bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum.
Metacarpals The five bones that form the palms of the hand.
Metatarsals Form that part of the foot to which the toes are attached.
Myeloma A type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow.
open fracture A break in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin.
orthopedic surgeon A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles.
Orthotic A mechanical appliance, such as a leg brace or a splint, that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function.
Osteitis An inflammation of a bone.
Osteoarthritis The form of arthritis that is most commonly associated with aging.
Osteochondroma A benign bony projection covered with cartilage.
Osteoclasis The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
Osteomalacia Abnormal softening of bones in adults.
Osteomyelitis An inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.
Osteonecrosis The death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply.
Osteopenia Thinner than- average bone density.
Osteoporosis A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging.
osteoporotic hip fracture Usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a fall.
Osteorrhaphy The surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones.
Paget’s disease A bone disease of unknown cause characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue, followed by abnormal bone formation.
pathologic fracture Occurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strain.
percutaneous vertebroplasty Performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures.
Periostitis An inflammation of the periosteum.
Podiatrist Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot.
Prosthesis A substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated.
rheumatoid arthritis A chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked.
Rickets A deficiency disease occurring in children.
Scoliosis An abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.
spina bifida A congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it.
spiral fracture A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart.
Spondylolisthesis The forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
Spondylosis A degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function.
Subluxation The partial displacement of a bone from its joint.
Synovectomy The surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint.
Vertebrae The boney structure units of the spinal column.
Created by: jillcyr