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MedTerm 2

Medical Terminology for Health Professions Chapter 2 words activity

abdominal cavity Contains primarily the major organs of digestion.
adenectomy The surgical removal of a gland.
Adenocarcinoma A malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue.
Adenoma A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue.
Adenomalacia The abnormal softening of a gland.
Adenosclerosis The abnormal hardening of a gland.
anaplasia A change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other.
Anatomy The study of the structures of the body.
Anomaly A deviation from what is regarded as normal.
Anterior Toward the front, and the front of the body, also known as the ventral surface.
Aplasia The defective development, or the congenital absence, of an organ or tissue.
bloodborne transmission is the spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids that are contaminated with blood.
Caudal Towards the feet.
Cephalic Towards the head.
Chromosomes The genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell.
communicable disease Any condition that is transmitted from one person to another either by direct or by indirect contact with contaminated objects.
congenital disorder An abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth.
Cytoplasm The material within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus.
distal Situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure.
Dorsal Refers to the back of the organ or body.
Dysplasia The abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs.
Endemic The ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area.
endocrine glands Secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Epidemic A sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area.
epigastric region Located above the stomach.
Etiology The study of the causes of diseases.
exocrine glands Secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body, such as sweat glands.
functional disorder Produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified.
genetic disorder A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.
Geriatrician Specializes in problems related to aging, and in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in older people.
Hemophilia A group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood-clotting factor is missing.
Histology The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues.
Homeostasis The processes through which the body maintains a constant internal environment.
Hyperplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues.
Hypertrophy A general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size, but not in the number, of cells in the tissues.
hypogastric region Located below the stomach.
Hypoplasia The incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells.
iatrogenic illness An unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment.
idiopathic disorder An illness without known cause.
infectious disease An illness caused by living pathogenic organisms such as bacteria and viruses.
Inguinal Relating to the groin, refers to the entire lower area of the abdomen.
medial The direction toward, or nearer, the midline.
Mesentery A fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall.
midsagittal plane Divides the body into equal left and right halves.
Nosocomial infection A disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting.
Pandemic An outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide.
pelvic cavity The space formed by the hip bones and contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems.
Peritoneum A multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity.
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Phenylketonuria A genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing.
Physiology The study of the functions of the structures of the body.
Posterior Toward the back, and the back of the body is known as the dorsal surface.
Proximal Situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure.
Retroperitoneal Located behind the peritoneum.
stem cells unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division and under certain circumstances can be transformed into cells with special functions such as the cells of the heart muscle
thoracic cavity Surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs.
transverse plane Divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
Umbilicus The pit in the center of the abdominal wall that marks the point where the umbilical cord was attached before birth
vector-borne transmission The spread of certain disease due to the bite of a vector.
Ventral Refers to the front, or belly side, of the organ or body.
Created by: jillcyr