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Female Reproductive System

describe ovulation ovum ripens- mature follicle ruptures- release ovum- hormone levels are high
describe ovulatory process days 6-14- endometrium thickens- estrogen levels rise- ova matures- ovulation occurs
name and describe the three parts of the uterus fundus-upper rounded part. body- the central portion. cervix- opens to the vagina
name and describe the three stages of labour and childbirth dilation- begins with uterine contractions. expulsion- complete cervical dilation to birth of baby. placental- placenta is discharged from uterus
what re the external genitalia of the female reproductive system? labia-clitoris- Bartholin glands- mons pubis
what are the functions of estrogen and progesterone? influence the menstrual cycle and menopause- prepare uterus for implantation- help maintain pregnancy- promote growth of placenta- develop secondary sex characteristics
what are the internal organs of the female reproductive system? ovaries- fallopian tubes- uterus- vagina
what is an embryo? fetus? embryo- 0-3 months fetus-3 months-birth
what is dysmenorrhea? menstrual period and tension
what is endometriosis? the presence of functional endometrial tissue in areas outside the uterus
what is menarche? beginning of menstruation
what is menorrhagia? profuse or prolonged bleeding during regular menstruation
what is metrorrhagia? irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods
what is PID inflammation of pelvic structures
what type of infection is candidiasis? yeast infectoin
when is menopause diagnosed? amenorrhea for 1 year
where are Bartholin glands located? outside the vagina
where does fertilization take place? fallopian tubes
what are the three phases of the menstrual cycle? menstrual- ovulatory- posy ovulatory
ovaries almond-shaped glands
uterine fibroids benign uterine tumors
pregnancy condition in which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus
papanicolau test detects abnormal cells in the cervix and vagina
conization excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue
lumpectomy excision of a small primary breast tumor
mastectomy excision of the entire breast
pseudoycesis false pregnancy
galactorrhea flow of milk
cryosurgery freezing tissue to destroy cells
sterility inability to become pregnany
oxytocics increases strength and frequency of contractions
cervitis inflammation of the cervix
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
gestation length of time from conception to birth
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvis
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia
os mouth or opening
vagina muscular tube from the cervix to the outside of the body
gynecologist one who specializes in the study of the female
uterus organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth
dyspareunia pain during sexual intercourse
placenta previa placenta is attached near the cervix
abruption pacentae premature separation of the placenta
tubal ligation procedure that ties the fallopian tubes
lactation production of milk
mammography radiographic exam of the breast
hysterosalpingography radiographic of the uterus and uterine tubes
kernicterus serious condition involving mental retardation, jaundice, and brain damage
pruritus vulvae severe itching of the female genitalia
colpoclesis surgical closure of the vagina
mammoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breasts
cloporrhapy suture of the vagina
cerclage suturing of the cervix
prostaglandis terminate pregnancy
abortion termination of a pregnancy
menopause the end of menstruation for the remainder of a womans life
estrogens treat symptoms of menopause through HRT
antifungals treat vaginal yeast infections
laparoscopy visual exam of the abdominal cavity
colposcpoy visual exam of the vagina and cervix
leukorrhea white vaginal discharge
dilation and curettage widening the cervix and scraping the uterus
nullipara woman who has never produced a viable offspring
Created by: lexieeesmith