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unit 1 vocabulary

chapter 1,2,3

TermDefinition
Sunbelt is a group of southern states thats stretches from east coast all the way to California
Regions area's that are similiar in terms of landscape,climate,elevation,and plant and animal life
Coastal Plain is the southern most region in georgia
Fall line a generation boundary between the lower level of the coastle plain to a higher level
Piedmont region is a rolling,hilly,plateu that stretches northward from the line o thr base of the peidmont
Appalachian Mountains a larger mountain range that stetches northward from central alabma to canada
Blue Ridge Mpountains two mountain rangers make up most of this region
Valley and Ridge west of the blue ridge mountains is the valley and ridge
Appalachian Planteu georgias smallest geographic region
Acheologist scientist who study the past based on what acient people left behind
Artifacts objects that were made ,modified,or used by humans
Pre-historic periods from the time before written history
Culture is a way of life shared by people,with similarities arys,beliefs,and customes
Paleo-Indians were the first people to live in the georgias area
Archiach period the period of Georgia's history that begin of the last ice age
The Woodland changes brought about new period in Georgia's history
Agriculture cultivating the soil to produce crops
Renaisseance the european civilization from the 1300's to 1600's characterzation by an increased interest in art and learning
Christopher Columbus was an explorer that thought he could soil west and reach Asia
Hernando De Soto an explored that explored the southeast
Pedro Menedez De Aviles an explorer that was sent by king Phillips of Spain to destroy Fort Carolina
Merchantolism an economic theory in which government controls trade and establishment colonies to obtain gold,silver,and natural rescourse to create wealth and a favorable balance of trade for the parent country
Monopoly complete control over the entire supply of goods or a service in a particular market
Conguistdors the american were known as the conquistadors or conquerors in the 16th century
Joint-Stock Economy people raised money by turning to the joint -stock economy
Gulf-stream a powerful ocean current that flows from the gulf of Mexico north long the eastern coast of north america before turning east toward european
Charter was a written contract,issued by a government ,giving the holder the right to establish a economy
relative location a point or place in relation to another point or place
absolute location designated using a specific pairing of latitude and longitude in a Cartesian coordinate grid
hemisphere a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
equator the great circle of the earth that is equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole.
parallels an imaginary circle on the earth's surface formed by the intersection of a plane parallel to the plane of the equator, bearing east and west and designated in degrees of latitude north or south of the equator along the arc of any meridian.
prime meridian a planet's meridian adopted as the zero of longitude.
meridians a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.
latitude the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
compass rose a circle showing the principal directions printed on a map or chart.
scale Map scale refers to the relationship (or ratio) between distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground
goods merchandise or possessions
service the action of helping or doing work for someone
imports bring (goods or services) into a country from abroad for sale
exports send (goods or services) to another country for sale.
climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. "our cold, wet climate"
weather the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.
paleo older or ancient
archaic very old or old-fashioned.
woodland land covered with trees.
mississipian a native or inhabitant of Mississippi.
archiaceologist is a scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts.
arifacts an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
anthropologist are people that practice anthropology, which is the study of humanity
culture the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.
antiquities the ancient past, especially the period before the Middle Ages. "the great civilizations of antiquity"
horticulture the art or practice of garden cultivation and management.
Clovis points a Paleo-Indian culture of Central and North America, dated to about 11,500–11000 years ago and earlier.
mounds a rounded mass projecting above a surface.
palisade a fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground,
Wooly Mammonth a mammoth that was adapted to the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with a long shaggy coat, small ears, and a thick layer of fat. Individuals are sometimes found frozen in the permafrost of Siberia.
Barter Economy
Maize technical or chiefly British term for corn.
Bow and Arrow bow and arrow, weapon consisting of two parts
Project Points is an object that was hafted to a projectile
colonization s the act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
Spanish missions of or relating to a style used in the earl yarchitecture
Barrier islands of or relating to a style used in the earlySpanish missions
inluence the capacity to have an effect on the character
smallpox an acute contagious viral disease
catholicism the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.
new world is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere
prehistoric very old, primitive, or out of date.
shale soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs.
tribe a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect, typically having a recognized leader.
clan a group of close-knit and interrelated families
sherds another term for potsherd
nomads member of a people having no permanent abode
effigy a sculpture or model of a person.
atlalt a stick used by Eskimos and early American Indians to propel a spear or dart.
cheifdom is a form of hierarchical political organization in non-industrial societies usually based on kinship
beringia Beringia is a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait
middens a dunghill or refuse heap.
moat a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle,
podium a small platform on which a person may stand to be seen by an audience
mastodon
pottery pots, dishes, and other articles made of earthenware or baked clay. Pottery can be broadly divided into earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware.
oral tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down.
wattle and daub a material formerly or traditionally used in building walls, consisting of a network of interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud or clay.
expeditions a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose, especially that of exploration, scientific research, or war.
gual-sea island the salt waters that cover the greater part of the earth's surface.
fur trade s a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
conquistador a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head.
protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate
mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
Created by: s.i.n.w