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Geography Notes

Chapters 1-3

TopicNote/Info on that Topic
Geography The study of physical, biological, ad cultural features of the Earth's surface; the study of everything on Earth.
Physical features Examples: mountains, rivers, oceans, deserts, grasslands, islands, etc.
Biological Features Examples: plants, animals, humans, etc.
Cultural Features Examples: society, neighborhood, families, etc.
Branches of Geography: Human Geography Study of the distribution and characteristics of the worlds people and also examines how people make and trade things that they need to survive.
Branches of Geography: Physical Geography Study of the Earth's natural environments including land forms, water features, plans, animals, and other physical features; study of the process that shape the physical environment.
Region An area with one or more common features that make it different from surrounding areas.
Types of Regions: Formal Region A region with one or more common features that make it different from surrounding areas. Features: population, income levels etc.
Types of Regions: Functional Region Region made up of different places that are linked and function as a unit. Examples: cities, industries, (MARTA), etc.
Types of Regions Perceptual Region A region that reflects human feelings and attitudes giving us an awareness and understanding of the environment around us. Examples: "home", "Up North", "Ghetto", etc.
Six Essential Elements: World In Spatial Terms Focuses on Geography's spatial perspective and uses maps to study people, places,and environments.
Six Essential Elements: Places&Regions Deals with the physical and human features of those places and how we define and perceive various regions.
Six Essential Elements: Physical Systems Deals with the physical systems that shape Earth's features such as earthquakes, volcanoes, weather, as well as how plants and animals relate to these systems.
Six Essential Elements: Human Systems Deals with peoples way of life and the things they produce and trade; They study of governments and conflicts between people.
Six Essential Elements: Environment&Society Relationship between people and their environment.
Six Essential Elements: Uses of Geography Understanding relationships between people, places, and environments over time.
Rotation One rotation of the Earth takes 24 hours. Earth rotates from west to east.
Effects of Earth Rotating Makes it look like the Earth is rising in the east and setting in the west.
Solar Energy Solar energy only strikes the 1/2 of Earth that's facing the sun.
Revolution Earth makes one revolution every 365 and 1/4 days.
Tilt of Earth The tilt of the Earth on its axis affect the amount of solar energy that different places receive during the year.
Receiving Solar Energy/Tropics Areas near the equator get lots of solar energy all year round. The low latitude areas near the equator are called the Tropics.
Receiving Solar Energy/ Polar Regions Areas at very high latitudes get very little solar energy so they are very cold most of the time. These areas are called the Polar Regions.
4 Season People get 4 seasons when they live in/near the middle latitudes.
2 Seasons The Tropics have 2 seasons. Those seasons are wet and dry.
Daytime Lastings In the summer daytime last longer and in the winter daytime is shorter and the sun's energy is weaker.
Solstice The two times a year that Earth's poles point at their greatest angle toward or away from the sun, this happens on December 21st and June 2nd.
Equinox Means equal night in latin. Occurs on March 21st and September 22nd, direct rays of the sun strike the equator and both poles are at 90 degrees angle from the sun.
4 Major Parts of Earth's System Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Biosphere.
Environment
Created by: 58knasims