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Genitourinary System Review Reverse Defs

epididymis a single, tightly coiled tube about each testis that stores sperm
nephrotomography a study in which several planes of the kidney are visualized
bladder an expandable hollow organ; temporary reservoir for urine
hematuria blood in the urine
PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood test used to detect prostatic disorders
renal artery carries waste laden blood to tubules
calculi commonly called stones; composed of mineral salts
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from urea
C&S (culture and sensitivity) determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibiotics
urinary system eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination
gynecomastia enlargement of breast tissue in the male
cryptorchidism failure of the testies to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth
nephrons filtering units located in the kidney tissue
kidneys fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity
nephropexy fixation of a floating or mobile kidney
impotence inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
incontinence inability to control urine elimination or bowel function
balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
PKD (polycystic kidney disease) inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys
foreskin loose skin covering the end of the penis
hemodialysis mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood
electrolytes mineral salt (sodium, potassium, or calcium) that carries an electrical charge
prostatocystalgia pain in the prostate and bladder
dysuria painful urination
residual pertaining to that which is left as a residue
renal pertaining to the kindey
nephrolithiasis presence of a kidney stone
nitrogenous waste product of protein metabolism
diuretics promote and increase the excretion of urine
pyuria pus in the urine
pyeloithotomy removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision
circumcision removal of the foreskin
vaseectomy removal/excision of the vas deferens
kidney transplant replacement of a diseased kidney
urgency sensation of the need to void immediately
peritoneum serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity
phimosis stenosis of the foreskin so that is cannot be retracted over the glans penis
renal vein structure which carries blood away from the kindey
varicocele swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord
hydrocele swelling of the sac surround the testies
ejactulation the expulsion of seminal fluid
sperm the male gemete
hypospadias the opening of the urethra is on the undersurface of the penis
calyx the cuplike division of the kidney pelvis
excretion the process of expelling material from the body
catheterization to insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid
uremia toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood
urochrome urine colour
UA (urinalysis) urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation
micturition voiding
Created by: lexieeesmith