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History Vocab

Chapters 1-2

TermDefinition
Geography Study of the physical, biological, and cultural features of the Earth's surface.
Perspective The way a person looks at something.
Landscapes Scenery of places, including physical, human, and cultural features.
Cartography The study of maps and map-making.
Meterology The study of weather.
Perception Our awareness and understanding of the environment around us.
Grid Lines crisscrossing each other in uniform intervals to create a pattern of squares.
Continents Large landmasses on earth's surface.
Atlas A collection of maps in one book.
Map Projections Different ways of representing a round Earth on a flat map.
Great Circle Route Shortest route in between any two places on the planet.
Contiguous Connecting or bordering.
Topography Elevation, layout, and shape of the land.
Climate Graphs Graphs showing average temperature and precipitation in a place.
Population Pyramid Graphs showing the percentages of males and females by age group in a country's population.
Solar System The sun and the group bodies that revolve around it.
Solstice The time that Earth's poles point at their greatest angle toward or away from the sun.
Planets Major bodies that orbit a star.
Equinox The time when both of Earths poles are at a 90 degree angle from the sun and the sun's direct rays strike the equator.
Solar Energy Energy from the sun, which reaches Earth as light and heat.
Atmosphere The envelope of gases that surrounds a planet like Earth.
Rotation One complete spin of Earth on it's axis.
Lithospere Solid crust of Earth.
Revolution One elliptical orbit of Earth around the sun.
Hydroshpere Earth's water in all its forms.
Tropics Warm, low latitude areas near the equator.
Biosphere The part of Earth that includes all life forms.
Polar Regions High-Latitude, cold regions around the North and South Poles.
Environment Combination of Earth's four spheres, including all of the biological, chemical, and physical conditions that affect life.
Created by: 58knasims