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European History(H7)

RR - 1917, Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Dictators, Holocaust/WWII, and Cold War

Why did the people of Russia revolt against the czar? The people were angry with the czar. He did not take care of their needs. Unequal distribution of poor (80% peasants)-lived in poverty and the military suffered embarrassing defeats. They were angry that the czar was not able to provide for their needs.
Who was Russia's last czar? Czar Nicholas II
What were the impacts of the Russian Revolution? The Czar was abdicated (eventually he was killed). Russia pulled out of WWI early. Lenin and the Bolsheviks take over the country. Russia becomes the Soviet Union, a communist country.
How did Lenin gain support from the Russian people? He offered the people a better life. "Peace, Land, Bread and All Power to the Soviets". If the people supported him, he would pull Russia out of WWI, give them land to work and provide them with food to eat.
How did the Treaty of Versailles impact Germany? Germany was not allowed to rebuild their army, they lost territory, and had to pay reparations (money) to the allied forces for war damages. They had to take blame for starting the war.
How did Germans feel about the Treaty of Versailles? They were furious. They felt that their government had betrayed them by signing the document.
What was Europe like after WWI? Destroyed and Depressed - There were terrible conditions - both physically and emotionally
How were Mussolini and Hitler able to gain control of their countries? By promising to rebuild their country and creating a better life for their people
How did the people's lives change after these dictator's took power over their country? The country began to rebuild and became stronger. However, people lost rights and freedoms. Any opposition to the new leadership was punished. Punishment could include - death.
What was the Holocaust? The Nazi Germany genocide, the planned killing of the Jews. There were approximately 6 million Jews and 5 million others that were killed during the Holocaust (1930s - 1945).
Where did the Holocaust take place? In Germany and other Nazi occupied countries in Europe.
Who was persecuted during the Holocaust? Jews were a major target during the Holocaust. However, they were not the only ones who were persecuted. Anyone who was deemed inferior or anyone who opposed Hitler's rule was persecuted.
When did WWII take place? 1939-1945
Who was involved? The Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) and the Allies (Britain, France, Soviet Union, and USA)
What was the Cold War? Was a war of words-The USA and the Soviet Union disagreed with how their countries should be ruled. US supported capitalism and democracy and the USSR supported communism. The Cold War was about each of the countries fears about the others' ideology.
Who were the allies during WWII, but enemies during the Cold War? United States and the Soviet Union
When did the Cold War take place? 1945 - Early 1990s
What are the characteristics of a country who is classified as a superpower? A country who has influence over worldly events.
What was the arms race? A race to have the biggest and best weapons.
Why was the Berlin Wall built? To keep the East Berliners from fleeing to West Berlin
Who supported communism? What is communism? USSR - Soviet Union - a way of organizing a society in which the government owns the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) and there is no privately owned property
Who supported capitalism? What is capitalism? USA - United States - way of organizing an economy so that the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) are owned by individual people and companies rather than by the government
How did Stalin come to power in the Soviet Union? Stalin held high government positions during the reign of Lenin. After Lenin's death, Stalin positioned himself so that he would have total control of the country.
How did Hitler take over in Germany? Hitler used the Depression to gain power. He offered the citizens a better life, played on their hatred of the Treaty of Versailles, and their unhappiness of the current government. Hitler was voted into a position of power before he took total control.
How did Mussolini take over in Italy? Mussolini used the Depression to gain power. He promoted a better life and a stronger country. Powerful speeches against communism and the Treaty of Versailles allowed him to gain many supporters. Once in gov, he took away freedoms and ruled with terror.
What is fascism? A political movement that promotes extreme nationalism, imperialism, dictatorial government, denial of individual rights, and is a one party system.
Created by: smmhr5