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Mod 1 Struct & Funct

Med Terms Ch 1-2, MA book Ch. 4 (79-81), 21 (499)

anatomic position describes body standing in standard position, including standing straight up, facing forward with palms facing forward
anatomy study of the structures of the body
physiology study of the functions of the structures of the body
4 body planes 1. sagittal plane 2. midsagittal plane 3. frontal plane 4. transverse plane
sagittal body plane divides body into unequal left and right halves
midsagittal body plane divides body into equal left and right halves
frontal body plane divides body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
anterior front, situated in front
posterior back, situated in back
transverse body plane divides body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
superior upper, above
inferior lower, below
ventral front or belly side
dorsal back
cephalic towards the head
caudal toward the feet or lower part of the body
proximal situated nearest the mid-line or beginning of a body structure (elbow is proximal to the wrist)
distal situated farthest from the mid-line or end of a body structure (wrist is distal to the elbow)
medial toward or near the mid-line
lateral toward or near the side of the body
pathophysiology the study of disease and disorders
homeostasis human body's constant state of balance. If not maintained, diseases and disorders occur.
superficial near the surface
deep near the center
Created by: vanstellee