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PHS Unit 9

Wellness & Safety

Nutrition all body processes relating to food
Nutritional status condition of one’s nutrition
Malnutrition state of poor nutrition
Atherosclerosis fatty build-up in the arteries caused by too much fat in the diet
Hypertension high blood pressure caused by too much salt or fat in the diet
Osteoporosis condition when the bones become porous that is caused by a calcium or vitamin D deficiency
Diabetes inability to control blood sugar caused by obesity
Carbohydrates major source of energy (breads, pastas, potatoes)
Lipids concentrated form of energy, cushions and insulates the body
Saturated fat solid at room temperature (meats)
Bad cholesterol contributes to atherosclerosis
Unsaturated fat soft or oily at room temperature (vegetable oils)
Good cholesterol prevents atherosclerosis
Protein build and repair tissue and regular body functions
Complete proteins contain all 9 essential amino acids (meats, fish, eggs)
Incomplete proteins do not contain all 9 essential amino acids (beans, nuts)
Vitamins organic compounds that are essential to life
Minerals inorganic elements
Water makes up most of the body tissue/cells; a person should have 6-8, 8 oz cups of water per day.
National Wellness Institute's definition of wellness An active process through which people become aware of, and make choices towards a more successful existence.
Physical wellness maintaining a healthy body and seeking care when needed
Social wellness helps you perform social roles effectively and comfortably, and create a support network
Intellectual Wellness involves having an open mind when you encounter new ideas and continuing to expand your knowledge
Emotional Wellness relates to understanding your feelings and coping effectively with stress
Occupational Wellness is about enjoying your occupational endeavors and appreciating your contributions
Spiritual Wellness allows you to develop a set of values that help you seek meaning and purpose
Environmental Wellness encourages you to respect the delicate balance between the environment and ourselves
calorie amount of heat produced during metabolsim
therapeutic diet modification of a normal diet used to improve a specific health condition
Choose My Plate Tool provided by the government to help make well-balanced food choices
List the three most important things on a food label serving size, calories and daily value (DV)
5/20 rule Helps make a healthy choice from a food label.
According to Super Size Me, what percent of Americans are overweight or obese? 60%
How many food groups are there according to Choose My Plate? 5
What are the 5 food groups Grains, Dairy, Protein, Fruits & Vegetables
What is a SMART goal? Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic & Timely
How much physical activity a day should a teenager get? 60 minutes
How much sleep per night should a teenager get? 8-9 hours
How does alcohol affect the body? blocks messaging to the brain; is a depressant; changes a person's perception, emotions, vision and hearing.
What is alcohol poisoning? When large amounts of alcohol is consumed in a short period of time. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result.
Health risks of smoking are? stroke, heart disease, lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer, and emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue); increased risk of bronchitis and pneumonia.
Health risks of e-cigarettes? nicotine is addictive (crabby, tired & depressed when without); it raises heart rate and blood pressure and long-term increases risk of heart disease, stomach ulcers and blood clots; at high doses it is toxic
Health risks of smokeless tobacco? cracking & bleeding lip/ gums; receding gums & tooth loss; increased heart rate, high blood pressure, and irregular heartbeats, all leading to a greater risk of heart attacks and stroke; and, cancer
Body mechanics refer to way in which the body moves and maintains balance while making the most efficient use of all its parts.
4 reasons for good body mechanics are? Muscles work best when used correctly; makes body movement easier; prevents fatigue and strain; and, prevents injury to self and others
8 basic rules of good body mechanics are? 1) feet 8-10" apart, 2) bend hip/knees & keep back straight, 3) use larger/stronger muscles 4) use weight of body to push/pull object, 5) carry heavy items close to body, 6) avoid twisting motions, 7) avoid bending long periods, 8) get help
Good body mechanics help keep which domain of wellness healthy? physical Welles domain
Ergonomics adapting the work environment to ensure proper body mechanics & prevent injuries
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a government agency that establishes and enforces workplace safety standards.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are provided by manufacturers & inform employee how to use the chemical safely, prevent injury, what personal protective equipment is required to wear, what to do if exposed, and how to clean a spill
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard mandates to protect healthcare workers from disease caused by exposure to bodily fluids
Standard precautions rules developed by CDC that require a healthcare workers to wear personal protective equipment as if every bodily fluid was if it is infected
Three agents of fire are? fuel, air and heat
RACE Rescue, Alarm, Contain and Evacuate
PASS Pull, Aim, Squeeze & Sweep
Three important relationship skills are? Build/maintain trust, communicate effectively and manage conflict
Characteristics of healthy relationships are? respect, equality, open communication, honesty/accountability, trust/support, negotiation/conflict management, shared responsibility and friendship/admiration/affection.
Created by: vorachekt