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Nutrition Test #1

nutrition test #1

which of the following represents a food choice based on a negative association? an elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sandwich because he deems is a childs food
which of the following nutrients does NOT yield energy during its metabolism? vitamins
gram for gram, which of the following provides the most energy? fats
what is the kcalorie value of a meal supplying 110 g of carbgohydrates, 25 g of protein, 20 g of fat and 5 g of alcohol? 755
Recommended dietary allowances my be used to assess dietary nutrient adequacy
the recommendation for energy that is set at the average of the population's estimated requirement is estimated energy requirement
the dietary reference intakes my be used to plan and evaluate diets for healthy people
in setting dietary reference intakes for nutrients, the DRI committee makes all of the following assumptions EXCEPT people buy their foods exclusively at health foods stores
inspection of hair, eyes, skin and posture is part of the nutrition assessment component known as physical examination
what are the six diet-planning principles of diet planning: adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation and variety
nutrient density refers to foods that provide more nutrients than kcalories relative to the RDA
in planning a healthy diet, all of the following tools would be helpful EXCEPT an internet website
food exchange systems were originally developed for people with diabetes
according to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins must be listed on the package label Vitamins a and c
during the 1940, to help the nation improve their nutrient status, nutrition scientists developed recommended dietary allowances
Proteins are considered the building blocks of life
nearly every chemical reaction in the body is activated by vitamins
what foods form the foundation for the USDA food guide grains and cereals
a serving a raw vegetables versus cooked vegetables is one cup raw versus one-half cup cooked
In which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost always found plant foods
which of the following is NOT a simple carbohydrate starches
which of the following is known as blood sugar or dextrose glucose
what is the reaction that links two monosaccharides together condensation
what is the principal carbohydrate of milk lactose
glycogen is stored mainly in which of the following tissues muscle and liver
what is the primary organ that converts fructose to glucose following absorption liver
gluconeogenesis is a term that describes the synthesis of glucose from a non-carbohydrate substance
which of the following is a feature of diabetes dietary management would focus on total carbohydrate intake rather than type of carbohydrate
athletes or active individuals who require large amounts of energy should consume a diet high in carbohydrate
which of the following statements is the most accurate regarding studies documenting hyperactivity and sugar intake in children there is very little evidence to support the statement that sugar causes hyperactivity
what are cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin fibers
which of the following is an example of the difference between the chemical bonds in starch and those in cellulose cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes
which of the following plays a major role in the breakdown of certain types of dietary fiber reaching the large intestines bacteria
water-soluble fibers included all of the following EXCEPT lignins
which of the following fibers is a water-insoluble cellulose
according to the american dietetic association, what is the recommended daily intake of dietary fiber 20-35g
which of the following provides the most fiber one-half cup of split peas
which of the following is characteristic of dietary fibers classified according to solubility in water
which of the following is a feature of the pectins they are used to thicken jelly
when we eat white bread the part of the wheat grain what we are eating is the endosperm
what are cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin fibers
which of the following is an example of the difference between the chemical bonds in starch and those in cellulose cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes
which of the following describes the compound phytic acid nonnutrient component of plant seeds
high levels of dietary fiber intake probably protect us from all of the above (breast cancer, rectal cancer, colon cancer)
in patients with inflammatory bowel disease or crohn's disease, high fiber intakes may benefit them by normalizing the intestinal contents throughout the colon
in order to increase fiber intake, people with type 2 diabetes would be encouraged to eat all of the following foods EXCEPT orange juice
what is the chemical composition of fats fatty acids and glycerol
which type of fatty acid is found in high amounts in olive oil monounsaturated
characteristics of hydrogenated oils include all of the following EXCEPT products containing them become rancid sooner, contributing to a shorter shelf life
an oil that is partially hydrogenated sometimes changes one or more of its double-bond configurations from cis to trans
which of the following is an omega-3 fat docosahexaenoic acid
which of the following is a good source of eicosapentaenoic acid tuna
what type of compound is lecithin phospholipid
which of the following is NOT a destination for cholesterol accumulates on walls of veins
in the digestion of fats, emulsifiers function as detergents
what lipoprotein is responsible for transporting cholesterol back to the liver from the periphery high-density lipoprotein
the best energy source for strenuous aerobic-type activities, such as hiking is triglycerides
lipoproteins all of the above: transport lipids through a watery medium, the blood; are protein-based vehicles for the transport of lipids; are composed of lipids and proteins
blood cholesterol is impacted by all of the above: lifestyle, nutrition, heredity
fat substitutes were developed to help control kcalories in foods
reducing which of the following foods can reduce triglyceride levels a and b: alcohol, sweets
a LOW risk of cardiovalcular disease correlates with high blood levels of high-density lipoproteins
among the following, which would be the LEAST effective method to control blood cholesterol levels eat more insoluble fiber
the result of blood tests that reveal a person's total cholesterol and triglycerides are called a lipid profile
studies show that diets high in fish oils lead to lower blood pressure
which of the following describes a recognized relationship between dietary fat and cancer high saturated fat intake raises the risk for prostate cancer
according to the 2005 dietary guidelines, what is the upper limit of fat that should be consumed by healthy person 35%
according tot he daily value, what should be the maximum daily intake of cholesterol 300 milligrams
which of the following is a drawback of olestra consumption it inhibits absorption of vitamin E
the american heart association recommends the percentage of total calories that come from fat should not exceed 30%
a person can reduce fat in a diet that has meat as its base by both a and b: selecting leaner cuts of meat, choosing chicken or fish occasionally
some people who eat high-meat diets may have a great risk for all of the above: cardiovascular disease, colon cancer, obesity
high fat intakes can be justified if a person is performing manual labor for long periods of time
the basis of a mediterranean diet consists of all of the above: olive oil as the primary fat, fruits and vegetables as the basis, lots of grains and breads
most people who consume a mediterranean diet usually do not suffer from cardiovascular disease
if you wanted to reduce the fat and kcalories in a 10-ounce portion of prime rib you could eat 5 ounces and take the rest home for the next day
reducing fat intake for a person with type 2 diabetes can be accomplished by increasing fruits and vegetables
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