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Ch 31

Vital Signs

Absence or cessation of breathing (Cessation=process or ending or brought to end) Apnea
abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythm Arrhythmia
Thickening decreased elasticity and calcification of arterial walls Arteriosclerosis
Term used to describe a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume Bounding
Slow heartbeat; pulse below 60 beats per minute Bradycardia
Slow respirations Bradypnea
Ear wax Cerumen
Diminished lung capacity irreversible Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Rhythm pattern of activity or behavior that follows a day- night cycle Diurnal
Difficult or painful breathing Hyperpnea
High BP Hypertension
Prolonged and deep breathing Hyperventilation
BP that is below normal (systolic below 90 and diastolic below) Hypotension
Pulse in which beats skips Intermittent pulse
an individual sit or stand to breathe comfortably Orthopnea
Temporary fall in BP when the person rapidly changes from recumbent position to standing position Orthostatic (postural) hypotension
Inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal (swimmer's ear) Otitis externa
Refers to an area outside of or away from an organ or structure Peripheral
Condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse: may indicate a peripheral vascular abnormality Pulse deficit
Difference between systolic and diastolic BP Pulse pressure
Febrile or fever Pyrexia
Abnormal crackling breath sound during inspiration Rales
Abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration Rhonchi
Elevate BP resulting from another condition (kidney disease) Secondary Hypertension
Irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker) Sinus arrhythmia
Instrument that measures the volume of air inhaled and exhaled Spirometer
Snoring sound Stertorous
Fainting Snycope
Rapid heart rate (over 100 beats per minute) Tachycardia
rapid shallow respiration Tachypnea
Describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible Thread
High pitched sound on expiration; indicates obstruction or narrowing of respiratory passages) Wheezing
Pulse rates varies with? AGE
Pulse volume reflects the strength of the heart when it? contracts
Arterial plaques narrow the lumen of the blood vessel; which can increase BP
Aging increases the risk of? Arteriosclerosis, which increase BP
Pt. can faint if what happens? BP drops suddenly when changing position
The top number is the? Systolic #
The bottom number is ? Diastolic #
Diastolic cant be taken when? palpating BP
Caffeine is a? Stimulant (may cause temporary change in VS)
Trapped air in the cuffs bladder between readings may cause? An artificial increase in the BP reading
To convert pounds to kilograms divide the number of pounds by 2.2 (multiply the number of pound by 0.45)
To convert kilogram to pounds multiply the number of kilograms by? 2.2
Pt with diabetes must have their weight? monitored
used only in young pediatric pt. Stethoscope bell
don't need gloves to? take temperature
Cigarette smoking temporarily does what? Increase VS
Rhythms affects VS Diurnal..
Newborns tend to have lower what? normal ranges for body temperature
in healthy pt. the younger the pt? The faster the heart rate
Athletes can have a healthy pulse rate below 60 beats per min because? of the increased strength of the myocardium
most accurate method of recording the pulse is the? 60 second apical pulse measurement
Internal respiration is the exchange of gases at the? cellular level
The MA should try to observe the Pt's breathing w/o the person knowledge, cause? the rate can be altered voluntarily
A cardiac cycle is a complete? Heart beat
Viscosity refers to the level of? the thickness of the blood
shivering causes an increase in body temperature because? of the energy being released
Temporal artery temperature and rectal methods provide th most accurate reflection of? core infant temp
Average adult pulse rate is? 80 beats per min
Heard through the stethoscope Apical pulses
Felt at the wrist Radial Pulse
palpated across the arch of the foot Pedal pulses
found in the crevice of the elbow Brachial pulse
Tachycardia can occur with? anxiety
Measure BP Sphygmomanometer
One respiration occurs for every? 4 pulse beats
If pt cant hold their mouth closed a reliable method is? Tympanic Temperature
A bluish discoloration of the tissues due to the lack of oxygen Cyanosis
Complication of hypertension include? nose bleeds, headache, dizziness and chest pain
comes and goes fluctuating between normal nad elevated Intermittent fever
wear gloves if the potential exists for contacting any? open areas
Created by: chass